Course Information

BA (Hons) Politics

BA (Hons) 3 Years 6 Years School of Social and Political Sciences Lincoln Campus [L] Validated 300 Points L200

Clearing 2014

This course is available for 2014 entry.
Call the Clearing Hotline on 01522 886622.

University of Lincoln Excels in Politics

The University of Lincoln’s Politics courses are ranked 3rd in the UK for Student Satisfaction within The Times and Sunday Times Good University Guide 2014.

Introduction

Politics at Lincoln introduces students to a range of major political themes and ideas. At Level One, these are applied to the study of Politics in Britain and other countries, including the USA, the EU, Asia and the Middle East. Students will have the opportunity to examine and debate important issues, for example Britain’s relationship with the EU, whilst developing conceptual, analytical and evaluative skills relevant to graduate employment and postgraduate study.

At Levels Two and Three students will consider the core ideas underpinning Politics and closely related disciplines, such as International Relations. They will also study key political processes and forms of participation in more detail. They will study issues of current debate in Politics, such as Human Rights, as well as the broader world of Politics beyond formal institutions and rooted in civil society and wider social forces.

Students studying Politics benefit from the fact that all members of the teaching team are active in research and publication. Our Politics research is making an increasing contribution at national and international levels.

Is This Course Right For Me?

Students can combine Politics with another subject to create broader and more complementary degrees.

These include:

  • Politics and International Relations
  • Politics and Social Policy.

How You Study

Studying Politics at Lincoln combine directed and independent learning.

Each module is delivered by means of a weekly lecture and an associated weekly seminar. The seminars provide an opportunity for students to discuss issues raised in the lecture and engage in critical reflection on set readings.

Students will also have the opportunity to meet with module leaders in tutorial sessions.

As well as directed study, students will undertake independent learning utilising traditional library as well as a wide range of electronic resources. The Level One module Applying Research aims to provide students with the requisite skills for effective independent learning.

Entry Requirements

Applicants should have a minimum of 300 UCAS Tariff points from a minimum of two A Levels (or the equivalent). In addition to the minimum of two A Levels, other qualifications such as AS Levels, the Extended Project and the ASDAN CoPE for example, will be counted towards the 300 point requirement.

We also accept a wide range of other qualifications including the BTEC Extended Diploma, Diploma and Subsidiary Diploma, the European and International Baccalaureate Diplomas, and Advanced Diplomas.

Applicants will also be required to have at least three GCSEs at grade C or above (or the equivalent), including English Language.
Applications are welcomed from mature students who are studying towards an Access to Higher Education programme. A minimum of 45 level 3 credits at merit or above will be required. We will also consider applicants with extensive relevant work experience.

If you would like further information about entry requirements, or would like to discuss whether the qualifications you are currently studying are acceptable, please contact the Admissions team on 01522 886097, or email admissions@lincoln.ac.uk.

Level 1

Applying Research (Social Sciences)

This module aims to enable students to both recognise and also understand the different methodologies employed in social research and to apply these to their own research project and critique of methods. After completing this module students should be able to:

  • Explain what research is and why we do it
  • Explain how research may be carried out: quantitatively
  • Explain how research may be carried out: qualitatively.

Overall, the aim of this module is to set out methodological skills, and involve students in their application, and to encourage critical reflection on a variety of levels.

Global Conflicts and Contexts

This module will introduce students to core issues of relevance to international relations study. The unit initially focuses on the development of mechanisms to control and avoid the emergence of international conflict in its various guises. It then moves on to examine a number of key contemporary issues such as global inequality, international political economy, globalization and emerging transnational civil societies. The module is intended to expose students to the breadth of issues and approaches relevant to the study of international relations and international politics more broadly.

Key Social Science Concepts

This module explicitly adopts an interdisciplinary approach to core questions of relevance to today’s society. It will provide a knowledge and understanding of key social science thinkers and concepts pertinent to all of the disciplines taught within the school. It will provide a wider understanding of theoretical approaches in Social Science, organised around a variety of significant thinkers (sample thinkers might include: Mary Wollstonecraft, John Stuart Mill, Erving Goffman, Karl Marx, Howard Becker, Stan Cohen) and important concepts (for example, gender, race, sexuality and so on). In doing so, it will provide a broad theoretical grounding that will tie in with other modules at level one and feed into core modules at levels two and three. Students will apply these concepts and theories to contemporary social issues as well as drawing on knowledge from their own discipline(s). Throughout, students will be encouraged to think critically about the ideas presented and to examine social problems in the light of a range of academic perspectives.

Who Runs Britain? Power, Politics and Beyond

This module introduces students to the key components of the British political system, and the relationship between domestic and international politics through an examination of the distribution of power within the British political system. It will explain the various factors and actors, both domestic and foreign, which serve to shape and define the political process in Britain. In Semester A the module examines the distribution of power through an examination of the key institutions and actors in the British political process, such as the government, the Cabinet, Prime Minister, political parties, the Civil Service, and the judiciary.

Level 2

(Re)Reading the Sociological Canon I (Option)

This module analyses some of the seminal works which have been significant to the academic development of sociology. This module will examine a series of articles and books which are of sociological significance and have emerged from the early 20th Century into the 21st Century.

Students will explore a variety of classical and contemporary texts, with the aim of providing them with an in-depth understanding of sociological themes and theories across time. This will build on understanding acquired from the level 1 module Sociological Imagination.

(Re)reading the Sociological Canon II (Option)

This module analyses some of the seminal works which have been significant to the academic development of sociology. This module will examine a series of articles and books which are of sociological significance and have emerged from the early 20th Century into the 21st Century.

Students will explore a variety of classical and contemporary texts, with the aim of providing them with an in-depth understanding of sociological themes and theories across time.

Approaches to Quantitative Data Analysis (Option)

The module will build on the teaching of quantitative research in Applying Research in year 1. It introduces students to a range of approaches to secondary data analysis, including multiple linear regression. The students will initially learn about different levels of measurement before covering descriptive data analysis in some detail. The second part of the course will cover issues of correlation and multiple regression. There will be strong emphasis on the presentation of findings with particular reference to graphical methods of different kinds (e.g. Rosling’s gapminder software). While the focus of this course is on secondary analysis, attention will be paid to different forms of data collection. Datasets such as Understanding Society (the new UK Household Longitudinal Survey replacing and subsuming BHPS), British Crime Survey and the British Social Attitude Survey are likely to feature prominently in the course. However, students will be encouraged to familiarise themselves with a range of data sources specific to their subject and interests. The main analysis software used for this course is likely to be SPSS.

Challenges of European Politics (Option)

The module introduces students to politics at the European level through an analysis of challenges in European politics and policy making. Beginning with the history of European integration and the first attempts to secure peace through economic interdependency, the module focuses on the development of the EU institutions and the ways in which policy-makers, bureaucrats, intellectuals and civil society actors have attempted to resolve problems of cooperation in an ever larger Union. In addition, the module will introduce students to the debates on the identity of Europe as a social, political and cultural space. We will examine the public policy toolkits and mechanisms of governance that have been brought to bear to resolve challenges and achieve cooperation in a context of conflicting interests and identities as well as contestation about how to conceive the European project. The causes and repercussions of the current crisis will be discussed in light of this historical knowledge, to consider the successes and failures of European crisis management. This module adopts a European approach, rather than a UK-centric approach, and equips students with the prerequisites to examine politics in an international environment that is marked by considerable uncertainty. This involves developing a critical awareness of the theoretical and methodological tools for analyzing challenges and comparing policies at the European level.

Comparative Politics and Policy

The use of comparative methodology in the social sciences is neither value-free nor uncontroversial. Nevertheless this module proceeds with the belief that comparative methodology can be a useful tool for social and political analysis. The module therefore begins with a consideration of the development of comparative approaches, the use of a range of comparative techniques and the validity of comparison.

The module then proceeds to an examination of some basic concepts that can help provide an understanding of the bases upon which governments are built and operate, such as political culture, legitimacy and authority.

The analytical and theoretical tools from the early parts of the module are then applied empirically to consider a variety of features of contemporary politics and policy, particularly in the context of democratic transition in different regions of the world, including (but not limited to) Asia, Africa, Latin America and Central and Eastern Europe. Social policy issues such as health, education, immigration and poverty are examined in the context of a country or region’s political climate. The issues and countries studied may vary to take account of staff specialisms political and social developments around the world.

Conceptualising Sex Work (Option)

This module will explore the cultural, practical and theoretical developments relating to sex work, drawing upon national and international examples. Taking a comparative approach, this module seeks to understand how scholars conceptualise sex work within different competing feminist frameworks and how these ideas reflect, or are at odds with, popular public and political discourse. As well as situating sex work within the wider night-time economy, the regulation and governance of different modes of sex work will be considered, in order to understand sex work in a cultural and political context.

Debating Welfare States (Option)

Nation states have always been involved in the welfare of its citizens. However post-1945, ‘welfare states’ emerged and have endured across developed and developing societies with particular priorities and programmes for social protection and human wellbeing. Understanding the appeal, operation and impact of these agendas is crucial for meeting future societal challenges. This module aims to i) enable students to analyse the priorities and developments of welfare states over time and ii) through analyses of these developments equip students with the tools to interpret key contemporary social, political and economic trends. Given the growing importance of the welfare state as a key site in these trends, the module is likely to be of practical benefit to undergraduate students in careers other than academia – among them politics, the civil service, the NGO sector and journalism.

Foreign Policy Analysis (Option)

This module introduces students to the area of foreign policy analysis. It explores competing explanations for state behaviour and the conduct of inter-state relations in the international domain. A key question is the extent to which a state’s foreign policy is shaped by the external environment or results from domestic influences, decision-making processes, and the actions of individual policy-makers. Attention will also be paid to the role of non-state actors and the changing nature of the international system in a globalizing world. The module encourages students to consider the contested role of human agency in global affairs in contrast to disciplinary international relations’ preoccupation with structural considerations. A range of historical and contemporary case studies are used to illuminate the issues under discussion

Governing America (Option)

The United States is one of the world’s largest democracies and the most significant in terms of economic and military reach. This module will examine the key components of the US political system, and the main challenges facing democratic politics in modern America. The module aims to provide a detailed historical and theoretical appreciation of the development of US democracy. It will examine the principal institutions and actors in the US political system including the President, Congress, the Supreme Court, political parties, interest groups and the media. It will also trace the impact of key ideas such as constitutionalism, federalism and exceptionalism. Finally the module will examine the impact of wider societal factors on US political life, such as shifting demographics and the role of religion. With this detailed contextual understanding students will be invited to consider the challenges facing US democracy and what impact these may have on US policymaking both at home and abroad.

Ideology into Practice (Option)

This module examines the impact (and sometimes the lack of impact) of ideology on practice in social policy. Whilst the focus of the module is on the experience of the United Kingdom, comparison with other states will be made where appropriate.

The module begins with a brief introduction to ideology and the ways in which it can be seen as relating to social policies, their formulation and implementation. It moves on to consider perspectives on social ‘problems’ and the relationship with social policies and an exploration of the meaning and purpose of ‘social policy’ and how it might relate to other ideas and functions of the state, such as social control. Moving on to a combination of subject specific and more general topics, it considers the impact of ideology on social policy in the post-war period, including the relationship between pressure groups and policy, the impact of ‘crises’, and the growing extension of key social policy concepts to broader policy domains. It concludes with a discussion of possible futures.

Intelligence and Security Law (Option)

This module is designed to develop and expand on law and principles encountered in the Constitutional Law and The Citizen and the State modules, and to apply them in the specific context of state security in the UK. It complements Human Rights and Police Powers modules by examining a number of similar themes but from the less-explored point of view of the State and the exercise of its powers to protect itself. The module also considers the law relating to the intelligence services and surveillance, and introduces students to certain International Law principles and issues and their impact in the UK. The examination of topical case studies will enable students to analyse and apply relevant law and constitutional principles to contemporary issues of UK security, and to develop awareness of their practical and everyday function.

International Relations of the Middle East (Option)

This module will introduce the student to the central issues and actors in the modern Middle East. The module will explore interconnections between domestic political issues and processes, foreign policy, regional dynamics and the international system. The contemporary international relations of the region will be explored through an initial examination of the historical background of the region and the emergence of the modern state system post 1918. The module will then progress to explore key themes such as ideologies, identities and social/political organisation in the region, alongside themes of conflict, globalisation and development. These themes will also be examined in relation to the role of key actors, both internal and external to the region. Throughout, the module will explore how International Relations theories and analytical frameworks can help to understand and interpret the politics and international relations of the Middle East .

Issues and Ideas in Political Economy (Option)

The module provides an introduction to the development of key ideas, principles and institutions in political economy. Taking a broadly historical approach, the module is structured around understanding the development of political economy both by examining the scientific contributions of and issues addressed by its key figures (e.g. Smith, Marx, Keynes, Hayek) while placing such contributions in historical context. Thus the ideas of the ‘great’ political economists will be applied to contemporary and current controversies, including policy debates.

Overall the module will provide students with a grounding in and understanding of the key principles, ideas and controversies in the history of political economy with a view to understanding their relevance to the current era. A particular focus will be the contested role of the market and the state in the social and historical construction of the political economy.

Model United Nations

This module is designed to provide an introduction to the activities of the United Nations, as well as providing an understanding of the practices of international diplomacy and governance. The module will use a discussion of contemporary international issues to explore some of the protocol and procedures of diplomacy. It will also provide students with an introduction to issues of international organization and international law and treaty-making. All of this will assist students in preparing for their role as a 'diplomat' at a Model United Nations conference.

Policing Crime and Deviance (Option)

This module examines core questions about the increasingly diverse forms of policing of crime and deviance. It considers how and why we have policed different forms of crime and deviance and why those changes have occurred and competing character of many of the positions involved. It analyses the many types of criminal justice responses to crime and deviance and the major theories which are used to explain such. The module examines the political issues which shape policy responses to crime and deviance focusing specifically on stereotypes in respect of gender, sexuality, ‘race’ and class. It critically considers the ‘popular’, political and professional demands placed policing bodies and the difficulties in reconciling these divergent expectations.

The question of who is responsible for policing, crime and deviance is confronted by the explicit attention to the various ways in which crime control and the responsibility for crime are subject to complex forms of privatisation. Relevant themes of increasing pluralisation; centralisation, decentralisation and analysis of theoretical frameworks and ideas which shape responses are addressed through exploration of key themes and topics. The drift towards private forms of security highlights the way in which public and private spaces are designated and the issue of ‘Where’ crime and deviance are pursued and the limits of law are, in this respect, brought to the fore.

Political Parties

This module will cover a variety of issues relating to political parties in the United Kingdom. The political science literature covers a wide variety of topics around parties. Amongst those which are examined in this module are the following; the historical development of parties; the role of parties in terms of mobilisation of support, electioneering and campaigning, recruitment of personnel; representation of the electorate and issue-based politics; and the partisan divide. These will be examined primarily within the context of a discussion of the three major parties within the British political system including their development, their ideological tenets and their contemporary positions. However, towards the end of the module these will be set against the position of other parties within the UK including the Scottish National Party, Plaid Cymru and the Northern Irish parties, to which will be added a comparative perspective, drawing upon the roles and experiences of parties in Western Europe.

Politics and Society in Contemporary China (Option)

This module offers an up-to-date and in-depth understanding of the social, political and economic issues facing contemporary China. China has a huge population, the fastest growing economy, the most Internet users, new car sales and air pollution of any country in the world. It is producing treasury surpluses and much else at stunning speed; and the gap between rich and poor is growing every day. But other aspects have endured for centuries. Using a key text this module starts with a broad sweep of China’s modern history, from the imperial era to the present, to provide essential context for understanding the current political and social environment. China’s contemporary transitions have been in many ways unsettling, and each change has had its winners and losers. The module ends with an analysis of China’s future, challenges and prospects, in the decades to come.

Psychology in the Criminal Justice Process (Option)

The issue of crime needs to be understood across a range of disciplines and this module is designed as an introduction to how psychology might contribute to our understanding of the various actors and organisations within the criminal justice process.

The module is divided into three sections in relation to the criminal justice process; these are: ‘personalities in criminal justice’; ‘decision making in criminal justice’ and ‘solutions in criminal justice’. In studying these issues, the students will be introduced to knowledge from the disciplines of psychology and social psychology and will be asked to consider how this knowledge might be used to inform our understanding of relevant criminal justice themes. Information about what psychological research might be useful in explaining the behaviours of actors and the decisions they then make within the criminal justice process will be studied, along with how particular theories are applied in modern practical ‘solutions’ to the ‘problem of crime’.

Students will be required to critically compare and contrast the theories and methodologies employed in creating psychological knowledges, with those commonly used in the discipline of criminology and in this context, they will be expected to recognise both the contributions and problems presented by the use of psychological knowledges in the criminal justice process. Students will also be required to undertake their own research project around a psychological theme; apply a statistical analysis to the data they collect and then consider how their results might impact on a relevant criminal justice issue.

Regions and Regionalisms (Option)

This module examines the role of regionalism in world affairs. It explores the ways in which regional blocs and regional intergovernmental organisations form, and the nature, politics and purposes of their operation. Students are introduced to theoretical explanations for regional integration and provided with insights by which they can identify similarities and differences between varying regionalist projects. Through in-depth case studies of particular regional bodies and projects, students develop skills in applying regionalist theory and in assessing the extent to which regionalist projects are reshaping world order and globalization. They are also provided with extensive background to regional politics in a range of locations around the globe. The module is designed such that the regionalist bodies to be examined as case studies can change according to topical relevance and staff expertise.

Researching Politics and International Relations

In its broadest sense, the process of doing research is concerned with obtaining knowledge or ‘finding out what you currently do not know’. As such, doing research is a common-day practice in everyday life and involves steps and skills which are familiar to most people. For example, students finding out information about their University faculty, department and degree (for example, who the members of staff are, what are their research interests, what modules are taught and when) involves various forms of fact-finding activity and as such represent important examples of the research process.

However, determining the relative value and merit of the information obtained is a far less straightforward task. Research requires, also, that we are able to make judgements about information (or ‘knowledge’): how do we decide that information is valid? Are certain forms of information more valid than others? Addressing these sorts of questions involves critical reflection on the information we have, what we think we know and how we might seek to validate what we think we know. Indeed the outcome of a piece of research may appear to be largely negative, simply forcing us to be less assertive about what we believe or believed to be true.

Researching Politics and International Relations typically involves both of these processes : gathering information in various ways (for example, through interviews, surveys, through reading and studying existing research, through sifting information from an existing source, such as an archive) for particular purposes and critically scrutinising the validity of that information.

Building on the level 1 module, ‘Applying Research’, this module focuses more deeply on the nature of research undertaken in the subject areas of Politics and International Relations. One of the main aims of the module is to enable you to understand, in concrete terms, what constitutes research in Politics and International Relations and how the research process leads to the production of specific research outputs including dissertations, theses, published academic articles and research monographs. In addition, the module aims to provide you with the knowledge base necessary for the production of your own substantial piece of independent research at level 3.

Social Engagement (Option)

This module encourages students to undertake one or more external activities relevant to their programme of study, and to engage in critical reflection of the nature of this activity as it relates to society as a whole and to their personal development as individuals.

Relevant activities will involve significant interaction with an organisation outside the University providing an appropriate experience additional to the student’s programme of studies, such as voluntary work or mentoring within a service-providing organisation.

Sociology of Law (Option)

This module is designed to study the relation between law and society that is law as a social institution and law as a form of social regulation. It explores both classical and contemporary theoretical contributions to the Sociology of Law and some specific issues to be analysed include, law and social control, law and social change, the institutions and practices of law and the influence of social categories on the application of law.

Sociology of Religion (Option)

This module introduces students to the principle theories and methods of research in the sociology of religion. Religion will be defined and situated within broader social structures and processes and the changing influence of religion in western society since the early nineteenth century will be explored. To this end consideration will be given to appropriate historical and theoretical perspectives. The module will also develop an understanding of the place of religion in the modern world , the rise of secularisation as well as the many different forms of religious expression that has occurred in recent times due to immigration.and communication technology. Students will also explore the role, functions and significance of religion in the world today.

The Vigilant State: intelligence and national security (Option)

While the creation of large intelligence communities and the use of intelligence in support of policy have become established features of the modern nation state, intelligence remains a largely 'missing dimension' in studies of government, politics and policymaking. This module aims to provide students with an introduction to the study of intelligence. It focuses on the basic concepts in intelligence by establishing first what is meant by intelligence, before examining the various elements of intelligence - collection, analysis, counterintelligence and associated activities such as covert political action. Drawing on examples from a diverse range of states, the module will also examine debates about the relationship between intelligence and policymaking, and the challenges of providing democratic accountability for intelligence agencies. Through an examination of intelligence documents the module will also provide students with an appreciation of the various means by which intelligence is fed into the policy process through, for example, the production of warning indicators and national intelligence estimates.

Thinking International Relations (Option)

This module places theory at the centre of the study of world politics. It provides a critical overview of the disciplinary literature of international relations from both mainstream and critical perspectives. The module aims to provide students with the ability to both understand and critically employ the concepts, approaches and methods of International Relations theory, and to develop an understanding of their contested nature and the problematic character of inquiry in the discipline. Case studies and contemporary materials will be used extensively throughout the module to illustrate the varying theoretical models and their applicability in the contemporary world.

Thinking Politics

Building upon some of the major ideas and concepts introduced at level one, this module aims to examine in more depth key debates both in the history of political ideas and in contemporary political analysis. In particular, reference is made to key thinkers from the past who have left their intellectual imprint on political ideas, as well as important contemporary thinkers, in order to assess the contribution that they have made to political theory and the extent to which they have impacted on the practice and analysis of politics. The module provides the theoretical underpinnings needed to facilitate a thorough understanding of political ideas, beliefs and ideologies and also important disputes which characterise contemporary political analysis. In so doing, the module demonstrates various differing approaches to analysing political concepts, thereby enabling students to develop a more sophisticated understanding of concepts deployed in their own work.

Understanding the City (Option)

Over half the planet’s population now lives in an urban area and urbanisation across the globe looks set to continue spreading inexorably. However, cities are contradictory sites of human development patterned by opportunity, inequality, exploitation and conflict. These traits pose challenges for the meeting of human welfare needs and for our understandings of contemporary life within cities. This module aims to i) enable students to analyse the emergence of cities across time and space and ii) through analyses of the city, equip students with the tools to interpret key contemporary sociological, political and policy trends. Given the growing importance of cities as pivots and expressions of human welfare, this is likely to be of practical benefit to undergraduate students in careers other than academia – among them politics, the civil service, the NGO sector and journalism.

Understanding the European Union (Option)

This module will provide students with an understanding of the history, institutions, policies and general workings of the European Union. Beginning with an overview of the history of European integration, students will also learn in more depth about critical moments in EU history such as waves of enlargement, treaty negotiations (and failures), and other critical junctures. The historical section of the course is then linked with an examination of the major theories of European integration, themselves tied in with the history of the Union, including an overview of the state of the art in EU theorisation including the sociology of the EU. Moving on to the workings of the main institutions, students will come to understand how the EU adopts legislation and other decisions, and the evolution of decision-making procedures to the present day. Various policies of the EU will provide focal points for deepening this procedural knowledge and exploring the political issues surrounding EU decisions. How European Union decision-makers are influenced by external actors will form another focus for this course, with theories of interest representation and case studies on business and civil society influence presented.

Welfare Policy and Work (Option)

The module examines the ways in which the state, through its social security and labour market policies, has affected the lives of those in paid work and those outside it. It offers an examination of how policy influences individual transitions from claiming social security benefits to being in paid work (and vice versa), and how it provides income for people who are currently outside employment. It provides an historical overview of welfare policy and discussion of the various types of benefits currently available to different groups of people. It examines various ideological and theoretical approaches to issues around work and welfare. A particular focus of the course is on the emerging all-Party consensus on welfare policy, in which mainstream politicians agree that benefits should no longer be paid to people of working age who refuse work or training, and that governments must ensure that jobs pay more than out-of-work benefits.

Work and Society (Option)

The work people do, paid or unpaid, defines how people live and plays a significant role in identity formation. This module explores the relationship between work and society, drawing on different classical and contemporary sociological theories of work. It seeks to examine key areas within the sociology of work such as concepts of work, work-place inequalities, resistance and the reality and challenges of engaging in paid work in the 21st Century.

Youth Justice (Option)

This module provides students with an opportunity to explore the youth justice system in depth, including the theoretical and historical contexts of youth justice, contemporary policy and practice developments and the salience of political agendas in constructing responses to young people’s offending behaviour. The module will expect students to demonstrate a good ‘nuts and bolts’ understanding of how the system operates, alongside more critical analysis of the impact of doing ‘justice’ on children’s rights and welfare. The module will also encourage reflection upon the roles of key personnel and opportunities for career development.

Youth, Culture and Resistance (Option)

This module prompts a sociological enquiry into youth cultures, addressing issues of identity and meaning within the behaviour, consumption and lifestyles of young people. Reflecting upon contemporary narratives of youth as dangerous or out of control, the module aims to investigate the plurality of youth cultures and the diversity of young people’s cultural practices. Central to the module is the exploration of strategies of control, focusing on policy responses to 'deviant', 'vulnerable' or 'alienated' youth.

Level 3

Advanced Quantitative Analysis (Option)

The module will build on the teaching in Approaches to Quantitative Data Analysis in year 2 and on Applying Research in year 1. In particular it will enhance the understanding of a variety of different, more sophisticated statistical approaches. Initially the focus is on multiple regression modelling of ordinal and categorical variables. Thereafter, the course will cover different aspects of survey and questionnaire design before moving on to more advanced techniques such as cluster and factor analysis. The final part will engage with analysing change over time using longitudinal analysis methods. A number of surveys will be used as examples throughout the course such as Understanding Society and the European Social Survey. However, students will be encouraged to familiarse themselves with a range of data sources specific to their subject and interests. Students will learn to use the appropriate software to carry out the different analysis techniques. Like in the preceding module, there will be strong emphasis on the interpretation, communication and presentation of results.

Analysing the Policy Process (Option)

Building upon Understanding the Policy Process, this module requires students not only to continue to develop their knowledge of a range of perspectives on the policy process but, in addition, to use these to analyse a case study relevant to their degree programme. Where Understanding the Policy Process places its emphasis on important models and perspectives, this module explores a range of current ideas which have a significant impact upon the making and implementation of policy, such as the concept of partnership, notions of participation, and issues of accountability.

Body Politics (Option)

This module introduces the students to different paradigms of the 'body' and 'embodiment'. Recent research suggests that our understandings and our relationship with our own and other ‘bodies’ has been and is continuing to undergo radical changes. This module will explore these ongoing developments in Western and non-Western cultures and societies. Throughout we will be concerned to link theoretical accounts of the ‘body’ with developments in contemporary societies. The module will further demonstrate the relevance of conceptions of ‘body’ in different academic and professional arenas. The module will equip the students with the skills to identify and critically explore a diversity of current representations of 'body' in everyday life.

Children, Families and the State (Option)

This module examines the nature of family policy as it has developed for different family forms and for different purposes, and considers why an understanding of family policy is important in the twenty-first century. This is set in historical, ideological and comparative contexts.

The module begins with an introduction to the changes to family structures, family theories and ideologies and family composition. These three sessions provide the background for more the more in-depth examination of the relationship between the state, families and children that follows over the next three lectures focusing in turn on financial support, service provision and regulation. The changes, concepts and tensions identified in the initial sessions are then explored in more depth in the following four sessions by focusing on particular issues based on the research interest of staff. The topics reflect the research interests of members of staff at the time as well as current topics/ developments and are therefore likely to change over time. Students are expected to learn about the complexity of family policy and are asked to demonstrate their understanding in an essay and through making a policy proposal to improve a particular area of family policy as part of the assessment. The policy proposals will be presented and discussed in the final two sessions.

Community and Conflict 1 (Option)

This module is all about communities – in particular, communities that are poor, disadvantaged, isolated or 'socially excluded'. In recent years, interest has been re-awakened in the whole idea of community and in what sorts of policies might be most effective in helping communities and solving their problems. This has happened for a number of reasons: New Labour policy, concerns about crime and disorder, increased emphasis on self-help, fears of racial segregation and ‘no go’ areas, rural decline, and the failure of government interventions over the years that have taken no account of the feelings of local people. The new focus on community is often associated with a number of beliefs: for example, that it is better in principle for local people to 'do it for themselves'; that the involvement of communities is essential if run-down areas are to be renewed or regenerated; and that neither market forces nor the state can on their own offer satisfactory long-term solutions to our social problems. This module will look critically at all these beliefs and come to conclusions about their validity. Community and Conflict II focuses on the application of theory, concepts and perspectives developed in Community and Conflict I to particular areas of public policy making including policy implementation.

Community and Conflict 2 (Option)

This module is all about communities – in particular, communities that are poor, disadvantaged, isolated or 'socially excluded'. In recent years, interest has been re-awakened in the whole idea of community and in what sorts of policies might be most effective in helping communities and solving their problems. This has happened for a number of reasons: New Labour policy, concerns about crime and disorder, increased emphasis on self-help, fears of racial segregation and ‘no go’ areas, rural decline, and the failure of government interventions over the years that have taken no account of the feelings of local people. The new focus on community is often associated with a number of beliefs: for example, that it is better in principle for local people to 'do it for themselves'; that the involvement of communities is essential if run-down areas are to be renewed or regenerated; and that neither market forces nor the state can on their own offer satisfactory long-term solutions to our social problems. This module will look critically at all these beliefs and come to conclusions about their validity. Community and Conflict II focuses on the application of theory, concepts and perspectives developed in Community and Conflict I to particular areas of public policy making including policy implementation.

Global Civil Society

Notions of national civil society have a long history in political writings. Since the 1980s and the ending of the Cold War, however, renewed academic interest in popular involvement in political life and the ideas and development of global civil society is evident. This module will address the historical origins of global civil society (e.g. the anti-slavery movement), together with diverse and competing contemporary meanings of global civil and ‘uncivil’ society. It will also investigate the impact of this discourse on notions of sovereignty, democracy, citizenship and power and the relationship of transnational social movements to global institutions, forces of globalization, states and individuals. The module will examine case studies of global civil society (e.g. the anti-globalization movement, the anti-trafficking movement), to determine their structure, tactics and effectiveness. Fundamental questions addressed will include the degree to which ‘global civil society’ should be considered a single entity and what impact it has (and could have) on global governance.

Global Governance (Option)

This module explores the concept and practice of global governance. International Relations scholars are increasingly concerned with how international organisations work and how they might work better. Of particular interest is the governance of issues that are inherently global; that is, those that transcend national borders. Examples include health, the environment, poverty, trade, finance, security, conflict and crime. The module begins with the historical development of international institutions and key theories of global governance. It then examines present day international organisations, in terms of their power, efficacy and impact. The final part of the module assesses whether current governance arrangements are addressing global challenges sufficiently well or whether there is potential and scope for improvement.

Harm, Agency and Regulation (Option)

This module investigates the variety of ways in which harmful activities are executed and regulated and evaluates the role of criminalisation within these forms of misconduct. The competing claims of ‘individual/organisational’ agency feature strongly in this module as do the variety of frameworks and the feasibility of imposing ‘realistic’ sanctions. The module makes substantial use of the literature on social harm theory; organisational and corporate crime; white-collar crime/professional wrongdoing; international/transnational crime; and harmful activities – or neglect - by the state. Identifying and then criminalising or regulating economically and intellectually powerful groups as both criminal and or professional is a complex task, and the module will draw upon a range of examples to reflect this.

Human Rights (Social Sciences) (Option)

This module addresses the general ideas of Human Rights and focuses in particular on the critical reading of Human Rights as one single universal paradigm. The practical critique of Human Rights proposed in this module is founded on the belief that Human Rights are important and worthy of protection. The three main propositions outlined in this module relate to the presentation of Human Rights as if they are universal; the notion that they pertain to a logic which focuses on the individual to the neglect of solidarity and other social values; and the argument that the concept of Human Rights derives from a reasoning which is far too abstract.

The academic interdisciplinary approach of this module should be emphasised, as the aid of several disciplines will be called upon, mainly but not exclusively, politics, legal philosophy, sociology, anthropology, international relation studies, post-colonial studies and criminology, in order to deconstruct the notion of the universality of Human Rights.

Independent Study (Politics and International Relations)

Students will be required to prepare and submit an Independent Study Proposal during semester B at Intermediate Level and appropriate supervisors will be allocated at this stage. The Independent Study preparation will be focussed through the Research in Social Policy and Research in Politics and IR modules which will familiarise students with real and active model of research in relevant areas. Therefore, the module will be guided by a clearly demarcated process of: research proposal; refinement; supervisor allocation; critical comment; initiation of lines of enquiry; implementation and monitoring of research over three Semesters. At stages agreed between the student and supervisor throughout level three, student progress will be reviewed in relation to research undertaken, clarity of objectives, report/dissertation plan and the submission of a dossier of work/chapters undertaken so far. The teaching support will be ongoing over the two semesters; but will be primarily geared to assisting the student on issues/problems such as research methods and ethical considerations, managing and presenting research materials and suitable theoretical approaches in their chosen research area.

International Law (Option)

The aim of this module is to introduce students to a dynamic, constantly evolving area of international law. Students will study legal rules which operate in a much broader theatre than national law, and this will help them develop a greater understanding of a changing world order. The module will examine both theoretical and practical applications of Law and will provide students with ample scope for research and independent study.

Multiculturalism and Britishness (Option)

The module explores political challenges and debates around the presence of culturally diverse populations in the United Kingdom and examines the role this presence plays in understandings of British and English identities. These identities have been re-worked and expanded, as well as asserted and defended, in light of rising levels and a changing composition of diversity in Britain. The political issues that emerge when identities are revised will be of interest and will be explored in the module from a variety of perspectives and by focusing on national as well as local contestations.

The module will begin by providing a comprehensive overview of identity politics at the national level, taking account of recent episodes of immigration and settlement, the debate over multiculturalism, political claims-making by majority and minority actors and changing majority identities, for example as a result of devolution. It will consider recent phenomena against the background of earlier political decisions and debates regarding post-war migration and post-immigration settlement. It will then use the case of Lincolnshire as an example for dynamics around minority and majority identities and challenge students to explore identity politics at the local level and hands-on. Moving thus to the microcosm of identity politics and aligning itself with the ‘student as producer’ framework, the module will familiarize students with the conceptual background and research-practical toolkit to study expressions of identity, reactions towards difference and the political dynamics that emerge when identities are asserted and contested in contemporary Britain.

New Social Movements

Social Movements have been key agents of social change in the world and in the development of democracy. This module seeks to understand the significance of these movements, examining political participation and protest outside of ‘mainstream’ traditional politics. Focusing on ‘New Social Movements,’ we will explore whether the concept is still relevant today, the politics of identity, how NSMs construct particular social identities (e.g. gender, age, race) and the different methods they use to engender social change. The module will outline the concept of a ‘new’ social movement, contrasts with ‘old’ social movements and the emergence of ‘new’ social movements in contemporary history. The module will look in depth at specific movements (sample movements might include: the Women’s Movement, the Youth Movement, the the Global Justice Movement, ‘Occupy’ and online activism) in order to facilitate an understanding of the internal complexity of such groups, particularly where groups become transnational. We will think about why people join social movements, how far social movements are ‘anti-political’ and the nature of political participation and representation. In order to enable us to explore these issues in a more sophisticated way, we will draw on diverse and competing academic theories of NSMs and apply these perspectives to the specific movements studied. A reflexive approach to the issues will be taken and students will be encouraged throughout to consider their own engagement in politics (or lack thereof) to shed light on the nature of NSMs.

Parliamentary Studies

Parliamentary studies aims to provide students with an in-depth knowledge of how the UK Parliament works, in theory and in practice. It will examine Parliament’s twin relationships with the Executive and with the citizen, and will situate these within broader theories and debates about democratic accountability and the nature of representation. The module will look in detail at particular aspects of Parliamentary activity, such as the legislative process, parliamentary questions and debates and the select committee system, and will examine ongoing debates around the operation of Parliament, including House of Lords reform. The module will also examine how Parliament interacts with other legislative bodies, most notably the devolved assemblies and the European Union.

The module also aims to bring students into closer contact with Parliament through handling Parliamentary materials and by facilitating contact with Parliamentarians through, for example an external speaker series, and when possible a visit to Parliament. The dynamic nature of Parliament will also be reflected in the module which will provide students with the opportunity to tracking legislative progress and select committee inquiries during the course of the module.

Police Studies (Option)

This module will develop upon the more general analysis of policing in Policing Crime and Deviance. The aim is to instil a more focused, substantial and critical understanding of the place of policing within the contemporary complex myriad of social controls, as well as the specific organisational and political challenges faced by the police in the 21st century.

Political Transformations of Russia and China (Option)

This module aims to sharpen analytical skills and broaden students’ knowledge by exposing them to the wide-ranging debates on the problems of transition from Communism. More generally, it aims to provide students with the intellectual equipment to interpret current and future developments in Russia and China. Given the continuing importance of these two states in international relations, this is likely to be of practical benefit to undergraduate students in careers other than academia – among them politics, the civil service, international banking, and journalism.

Psychology, Crime and Criminology (Option)

The module is designed for students from psychological, scientific and criminological backgrounds and will provide them with an overview of the relationship between psychology and criminology. It will take an interdisciplinary approach by examining how people think, how they act and how they interact with one another. In doing so it will challenge taken for granted notions about crime and punishment.
By focusing upon the development of the individual person behind the crime allows us to address the question of motivations for crime as well as the role of psychology in responding to crime. It develops the respective understanding of psychological and scientific enquiry developed at level two in the context of the more critical appreciation of the nature of the criminological project sustained at level three. In tandem, the attention to critical psychology aims to explore the ultimately political nature of different forms of explanation by revealing their ideological basis and biases.

The Colonial Present (Option)

This international relations module explores the ways in which the contemporary international order can be explained as deriving from the global experience of European colonialism and imperialism. It provides students with an account of the nature, politics and consequences of the Western imperial penetration (broadly, from the 15th century onward). The module identifies how the expansion of Europe acted to globalise and entrench certain categories of Western modernity – state, nation, development, political economy – that continue to shape and define contemporary global politics as well as the relationship between the global North and the global South. The module uses these insights to scaffold students’ understandings of ongoing theoretical debates that criticise international relations, development studies and globalization theory as Eurocentric and incomplete. Attention will be paid to the postcolonial critique of disciplinary international relations and to the importance of seeking alternative sources of knowledge about international processes. Throughout, students will be encouraged to identify and reflect upon their own position within these on-going theoretical and disciplinary debates.

The Developing World (Option)

This module takes the politics, economics and societies of the developing world as its subject matter. Necessarily, this involves an engagement with imperial and neoimperial global politics, with the divisions between North and South and the contemporary patterns of global political economy and critiques of the development process. With this by way of context, the module explores a range of contemporary issues confronting the developing world. Case studies are used extensively throughout in order to illuminate theory and to demonstrate the broader relevance of the issues under discussion to the study of international relations. As well as introducing students to a range of non-Western materials and cases drawn from the developing world, the module encourages students to reflect on their own positions as scholars and to explore the politics, pitfalls and potentials of intervention within other societies.

The Politics of Energy (Option)

This module covers a variety of issues relating to the politics of energy and climate change and is divided into three main sections.The first of these provides a history of energy and climate change policy in the UK, a study of existing UK energy and climate change policyunder coalition government and the drivers of this including the requirements for energy security. It will also seek to examine the differing theoretical approaches from the sceptical to the radical. The second section subsequently seeks to explore in greater detail the political implications of current policy by examining both conventional and alternative energy sources including oil, fracking, bio-energy and wind energy incorporating an analysis of the role of pressure groups, such as Fracked Off, and direct action. It also incorporates a critical analysis of carbon off-setting policy within the UK and the EU. The third section seeks finally to provide a comparative perspective and considers examples of EU and global energy and climate change policy and the way in which this is now intrinsically global.

The Politics of Global Health (Option)

Global health policy is an area of growing concern in both theory and practice. Increasingly, health and healthcare issues cross national borders. Political, economic, social, cultural and environmental factors at all levels, from local to global, influence the health statuses of individuals and populations. International institutions (e.g. the World Health Organization), philanthropic organisations (e.g. The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation) and multinational corporations (‘big pharma’) play key roles in the politics of health, as well as national governments and health systems. This module examines the concepts that shape debates in (and are shaped by) global health, including global health governance and global health diplomacy. It then critically assesses programmes and strategies designed to address global health challenges such as pandemics, infectious and non-communicable diseases, reproductive health, biosecurity and inequalities of health.

The Politics of Masculinity (Option)

This module explores the politics of masculinity in contemporary society. It starts by addressing key theoretical perspectives on gender and masculinity, taking an in-depth look at these concepts, along with related ideas such as ‘hegemonic masculinity,’ ‘heteronormativity’ and ‘intersectionality.’ We will examine important theoretical debates in masculinities scholarship, such as around hegemonic masculinity, whether this is a useful concept and how far it can explain (global) gendered power relations. Students will be encouraged to develop their own critical and informed answers to key questions such as how far gender is a performance (as opposed to biologically determined), how masculinity relates to men (and women), how we ‘know’ masculinity when we see it and how we understand the relationship between gender and other social and political identities (race, class, sexuality and so on). In order to extend and illustrate these abstract questions, we will explore different masculinities and masculinity in different settings. Sample topics covered might include men’s movements, militarised masculinities, masculinity and fatherhood and representations of masculinity in popular culture. As gender is relational, these masculinities will be considered in the light of corresponding constructions of femininity. Overall, the module will aim to ‘make the familiar strange’ and enable students to question their own assumptions, as well as popular and common sense notions of gender.

Understanding the Policy Process (Option)

This module focuses upon the processes of policy making and implementation at both practical and theoretical levels. It introduces students to a variety of models of policy making and discusses the complexities of the distribution of power and decision making, primarily, but not limited to, the field of social policy.

The module encourages students to develop an understanding of a range of ideas that can contribute to the ways in which we analyse policy, and to recognise that these perspectives are themselves contestable and changing. It begins with a consideration of the policy process and different ways of viewing it, including the impact of different approaches under governments from the 1970s, moving on to examine a variety of models of decision making and the range of actors involved in the making and implementation of policies.

War Crimes and Genocide (Option)

This module is constructed as an attempt to understand the ‘anatomy’ of war crimes and genocide – their origins, ideological basis, socio-political contexts, the techniques and technologies used and relevant theoretical perspectives. The module considers the historical, philosophical, political and sociological aspects of war crimes and genocide and for this reason it is particularly appealing to students who wish to develop a wider understanding of academic disciplines such as criminology, sociology, international relations, politics, psychology, law and modern and contemporary history.

The module will include consideration of key case-studies which may include Armenia, Rwanda, Sudan, the Former Republic of Yugoslavia, Cambodia and Tibet. This module will also offer some reflections on responses to genocide and discuss the challenges involved in addressing these particular categories of crimes at the international level.

Special Features & Research Highlights

Students studying Politics at Lincoln benefit from the fact that all members of the teaching team are active in research and publication.

As recognised in RAE 2008, Politics research at Lincoln is making an increasing contribution at world, international and national levels. Equally Politics contributes strongly to a thriving research culture. The research culture informs the programme’s curriculum and approaches to teaching, ensuring that students are made aware of and informed by ideas and information at the cutting edge of the subject.

Student as Producer

Student as Producer is a development of the University of Lincoln's policy of research-informed teaching to research-engaged teaching. Research-engaged teaching involves more research and research-like activities at the core of the undergraduate curriculum. A significant amount of teaching at the University of Lincoln is already research-engaged.

Student as Producer will make research-engaged teaching an institutional priority, across all colleges and subject areas. In this way students become part of the academic project of the University and collaborators with academics in the production of knowledge and meaning. Research-engaged teaching is grounded in the intellectual history and tradition of the modern university.

Please visit the Student as Producer website for further information. [http://studentasproducer.lincoln.ac.uk/]

Career Opportunities

Careers for graduates exist in local and central government, the EU, journalism, law, research, industry and commerce. There are also a variety of other public and private sector opportunities. Graduates may choose to continue their studies at postgraduate level.

Careers Service

While you are at the University of Lincoln, you will have different services at your disposal that will help you best prepare for your future career.

The University's Careers & Employability Team offers qualified advisors who can work with you to provide tailored, individual support and careers advice during your time at the University and once you graduate.

This service includes one-to-one coaching, CV advice and interview preparation to help you maximise your future opportunities. Having achieved new knowledge and skills, you will be fully supported to fulfil your career ambitions.

The service works closely with local, national and international employers, acting as a gateway to the business world. It advertises a range of graduate positions around the country.

Visit our Careers Service pages for further information. [http://www.lincoln.ac.uk/home/campuslife/studentsupport/studentcareersservice/]

What's Included?

At the University of Lincoln, we provide access to excellent teaching and learning facilities, library materials, laboratories, laboratory equipment, consumables and IT equipment that you would expect to find included in your tuition fee.

In addition, we cover other necessary costs associated with modules which are a compulsory part of your course. These compulsory items are included in your tuition fee.

Fees

2014 Entry UK/EUInternational
Full-time £9,000 per level £11,798 per level
Part-time £75 per credit point £98 per credit point
Placement (optional) Exempt Exempt

 

2015 Entry UK/EUInternational
Full-time £9,000 per level £12,084 per level
Part-time £75 per credit point £101 per credit point
Placement (optional) Exempt Exempt

For further information and for details about funding your study, please see our UK/EU Fees & Funding pages or our International funding and scholarship pages. [www.lincoln.ac.uk/home/studyatlincoln/undergraduatecourses/feesandfunding/] [www.lincoln.ac.uk/home/international/feesandfunding/internationalscholarships/]

The University intends to provide its courses as outlined in these pages. Occasionally provision may be altered in order to meet changing circumstances or to keep courses up to date with trends and developments in subject areas. Specific programme queries should be directed to the teaching department. Fees for all our courses may increase each year in line with government regulations and are subject to change.


Always check our website for the latest information about entry tariffs, fees & funding before making your application to the University.