Course Information
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Visiting Lecturers

Naturalist and TV presenter Chris Packham is a Visiting Professor on the Zoology, Biology, Biomedical Science, Bioveterinary Science and Animal Behaviour and Welfare degrees. Find out more on YouTube.

3 years (4 years if taken with the optional sandwich year) School of Life Sciences Lincoln Campus [L] Validated BBB (or equivalent qualifications) D790 3 years (4 years if taken with the optional sandwich year) School of Life Sciences Lincoln Campus [L] Validated BBB (120 UCAS Tariff Points) (or equivalent qualifications) D790

#1 BSc (Hons) Animal Behaviour and Welfare is one of the Animal Sciences courses at the University of Lincoln that ranked number 1 in the UK for academic support, with 100% of students studying BSc (Hons) Animal Behaviour and Welfare stating they are satisfied overall according to the National Student Survey 2017.

Introduction

The BSc (Hons) Animal Behaviour and Welfare degree employs a multidisciplinary and research-driven approach. You will be taught by academics who are considered to be at the forefront of their respective fields.

The course aims to help students develop the knowledge and skills needed to understand animal behaviour and welfare, working, for example, with insects, reptiles, birds and mammals.

The range of specialist facilities available for the study of animal behaviour and welfare currently includes aquatic and reptile facilities, an insectary and a bioacoustics laboratory.

There are two residential field trips in the UK, enabling students to study animals in the wild. These trips are part of two core modules. For UK based field trips the University will cover costs of transport, accommodation and meals at the field site.

There is also an overseas field trip available in your final year as part of the optional 'Overseas Field Course' module. This can allow students to observe and study the behaviour of animals in their natural habitat. Further details on the Overseas Field Course, including costs, can be found in the Features tab.

The scientific study of animal behaviour and welfare can further our understanding of why animals behave in the way that they do. It reveals how best to respond to the challenges that face animals living in captive and wild environments.

How You Study

In the first year, students can develop an understanding of how biological systems function, with a focus on topics such as anatomy, cell biology and genetics. Students are also introduced to the study of animal behaviour and welfare assessment.

During the second year, students experience a range of modules, including animal behaviour and animal protection.

In the final year, students undertake a supervised, independent research project in addition to studying key topics such as animal welfare science, animal cognition and behavioural ecology.

Contact Hours and Independent Study

Contact hours may vary for each year of a degree. When engaging in a full-time degree students should, at the very least, expect to undertake a minimum of 37 hours of study each week during term time (including independent study) in addition to potentially undertaking assignments outside of term time. The composition and delivery for the course breaks down differently for each module and may include lectures, seminars, workshops, independent study, practicals, work placements, research and one-to-one learning.

University-level study involves a significant proportion of independent study, exploring the material covered in lectures and seminars. As a general guide, for every hour in class students are expected to spend two - three hours in independent study.

On each of our course pages you can find information on typical contact hours, modes of delivery and a breakdown of assessment methods. Where available, you will also be able to access a link to Unistats.com, where the latest data on student satisfaction and employability outcomes can be found.

How You Are Assessed

Assessment Feedback

The University of Lincoln's policy on assessment feedback aims to ensure that academics will return in-course assessments to students promptly – usually within 15 working days after the submission date (unless stated differently above)..

Methods of Assessment

The way students will be assessed on this course will vary for each module. It could include coursework, such as a dissertation or essay, written and practical exams, portfolio development, group work or presentations to name some examples.

For a breakdown of assessment methods used on this course and student satisfaction, please visit the Unistats website, using the link at the bottom of this page.

Throughout this degree, students may receive tuition from professors, senior lecturers, lecturers, researchers, practitioners, visiting experts or technicians, and they may be supported in their learning by other students.

Staff

Throughout this degree, students may receive tuition from professors, senior lecturers, lecturers, researchers, practitioners, visiting experts or technicians, and they may be supported in their learning by other students.

For a comprehensive list of teaching staff, please see our School of Life Sciences Staff Pages.

Entry Requirements 2017-18

GCE Advanced Levels: BBB, including grade B from A Level Biology.
International Baccalaureate: 30 points overall, with Higher Level grade 5 in Biology.

BTEC Extended Diploma in Animal Management/Applied Science accepted: Distinction, Distinction, Merit.

If you are currently studying or have studied a BTEC Extended Diploma in Applied Science from 2016 onwards, the following optional modules will be accepted:

• Unit 8 - Physiology of Human Body Systems
• Unit 9 – Human Regulation and Reproduction
• Unit 10 – Biological Molecules and Metabolic Pathways
• Unit 11 – Genetics and Genetic Engineering
• Unit 12 – Diseases and Infections
• Unit 13 – Applications of Inorganic Chemistry
• Unit 14 – Applications of Organic Chemistry
• Unit 17 – Microbiology and Microbiological Techniques
• Unit 19 – Practical Chemical Analysis
• Unit 20 – Biomedical Science
• Unit 21 – Medical Physics Applications

Access to Higher Education Diploma in a Science subject accepted: A minimum of 45 level 3 credits at merit or above will be required, 15 of which must be in Biology.

We will also consider extensive, relevant work experience.
In addition, applicants must have at least 3 GCSEs at grade C or above in English, Maths and Science. Level 2 equivalent qualifications such as BTEC First Certificates and Level 2 Functional Skills will be considered.

If you would like further information about entry requirements, or would like to discuss whether the qualifications you are currently studying are acceptable, please contact the Admissions team on 01522 886097, or email admissions@lincoln.ac.uk.

Level 1

Animal Management (Core)

This module will cover the contributions of animal scientists, welfare bodies, legislators, producers and consumers to the housing and management of captive animals. There will be a focus on the animal’s biological requirements in captivity and the application of good husbandry practice to farm, laboratory, zoo and companion animals of a wide range of taxonomic groups.

Cell Biology (Core)

This module aims to provide an introduction to the structure, composition and function of eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells. From this basis the module considers cell specialisation and division and an introduction to microscopy, histological and microbiological techniques which may be used to safely examine and identify cells and tissues.

Comparative Form and Function in Animals (Core)

This module is concerned with the principles of the diversity of anatomical form and function in animals using a comparative approach. Anatomical adaptations will be explored across taxa within the animal kingdom in order to show how different types of organisms use their anatomy to solve the similar morphological and physiological problems. Through this, an understanding of anatomically distinct and shared features across animal species can be developed using examples of how organisms from different taxa address key aspects of their life histories.

Ecology (Core)

Ecology is the scientific study of the interactions between organisms and their environment. These interactions can be studied across different levels of biological organisation including individuals, populations, communities and ecosystems. This module will examine how these different levels of organisation are interconnected and how the study of ecology allows us to better understand patterns in the natural world

Genetics (Core)

This module is designed to provide students with an introduction to genetics by discussing the development of genetics as a field of science, from molecular genetics through Mendelian genetics, to genetics at the population level. Students have previously studied cell biology and biochemistry, and this knowledge is built on in order to consider the replication, maintenance and expression of the genome. This module aims to provide the knowledge necessary to study applications of molecular biology at a higher level.

Introduction to Animal Behaviour and Welfare (Core)

This module aims to introduce the principles underlying animal behaviour and the welfare of animals in our care.

It will adopt approaches derived from Tinbergen’s levels of explanation of behaviour, such as control, lifetime development and adaptive value of behaviour. Students will have the opportunity to be taught how to observe and record the behaviour of animals from a range of taxonomic groups. The module will introduce approaches to animal welfare assessment and their application.

Research Methods for Life Scientists 1 (Core)

This module aims to introduce the skills and knowledge necessary to assimilate and judge scientific knowledge. Students will have the opportunity to search and evaluate the scientific literature relevant to their studies, and learn some of the key philosophical constructs around which scientific knowledge is based.

Students can be taught about hypothesis testing, experimental design, data collection, basic mathematical and statistical concepts and data presentation, and gain hands-on experience of their application.

Vertebrate Physiology (Core)

This module takes a comparative approach to demonstrate how physiology of a wide range of vertebrates places a key role in the life of an animal. The module explains how environmental factors, such as temperature or salinity, impacts on an animal's physiology and how this interacts with its behaviour and ecology. There is also consideration of how internal factors, e.g. hormones and nervous tissue, can control behaviour.

Level 2

Animal Behaviour (Core)

This module is based on the four ethological levels of explanation for animal behaviour; mechanism, development, function and evolution. The concepts underlying the study of animal behaviour will be covered in a range of taxonomic groups. The module will also consider the scientific approach to behavioural studies.

Animal Health and Disease (Core)

The module provides an overview of the biology of diseases of livestock, companion and wild animals. It is designed to introduce students to the use of laboratory techniques in the investigation of disease.

Animal Nutrition (Core)

This module covers wide ranging aspects of animal nutrition using examples from insects to primates, and considers how, why and what animals eat, in terms of the anatomical, physiological, behavioural and ecological factors which influence nutrient intake in conditions of health and disease.

Animal Protection (Core)

This module explores legislation, legal and political procedures in the furtherance, regulation and enforcement of animal welfare. The module explores the background and need for legislation relating to animals, the procedures involved in forming legislation – both political and legal; and how citizens may become involved in that process.

Students have the opportunity to develop critical analytical skills through the interpretation of statutes and case law and evaluation of animal welfare campaign material. Students also have the opportunity to learn how to comprehend and analyse the structure and logic of arguments used in debates about animals.

Conservation Biology (Core)

This module provides a critical insight into the application of the principles of conservation biology. It will give an overview of the nature, value and complex threats to biodiversity and will detail the biological problems faced by small populations of animals, in particular. The module will also deal with the practice of population conservation and management, including methods to assess population size, survival rates and how to use this information to assess the viability of populations.

Evolution (Option)

The Evolution module aims to introduce the fundamental concepts and theories that explain and predict how biodiversity evolves as a result of multiple factors emerging from both ecological and sexual interactions. The integrative nature of this module guarantees that a broad diversity of the central topics in the field of Evolution is covered.

Immunology (Option)

This module aims to provide an overview of the cellular and molecular basis of the immune response in health and diseases. The structure, function and complex mechanisms of host defence by B- and T-Cells will be discussed.

Students will be given the opportunity to evaluate the role of inflammatory mediators, soluble effectors and cellular cytotoxicity in inflammation and immunity.

Invertebrate Zoology (Option)

This module provides an introduction to the invertebrates, which represent more than 97% of the animal kingdom. Invertebrate animals are organised in nearly 15 major higher taxa. For each taxon students can first learn the body plan and topics including diversity, evolution, phylogeny, classification, anatomy, physiology, behaviour, natural history, and biomechanics.

Topics will be covered with lectures and laboratory practices, starting with the origins of invertebrates, following subsequent major advances in the evolution of aquatic and terrestrial groups. The module will also emphasise different aspects of invertebrate biology: their development, diversity of reproduction, life history traits, behaviour, and their medical, forensic and agricultural importance.

Reproduction and Development (Option)

This module focuses on reproduction and development in invertebrates and vertebrates. There will be a comparative analysis of anatomy, physiology, behaviour and evolution of reproductive patterns, including the main anatomical features of male and female reproductive tracts. There will be descriptions of the processes of gamete production in males and females. The underlying principles of ontogeny from fertilisation to birth will be described using a variety of taxa with an emphasis on the factors controlling developmental processes.

Research Methods for Life Scientists 2 (Core)

This module aims to introduce the principles of experimental design and various methods of collection of quantitative and qualitative data. It describes statistical significance tests for comparing data and aims to enable students to practise where and how to use each statistical test.

The module will give students the opportunity to critically assess published work with regard to design of experiment and analysis of data. It will aim to provide students with skills required to design and analyse a research project generally, and specifically that undertaken in year three of their course.

Vertebrate Zoology (Option)

The Vertebrate Zoology module introduces the biology and diversity of vertebrates. Vertebrates have colonised all environments on Earth, and include several model organisms that have played an unsurpassed role in analyses of the dynamics of ecological and evolutionary processes.

The module places emphasis on the history of all vertebrate groups, their extinct and extant biodiversity, and their classification. It provides general descriptions of fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals, and uses case studies from each of these groups to illustrate patterns and processes underpinning radiations, ecological adaptations, evolutionary transitions and genetic proliferation. The lectures detail anatomical, functional, palaeontological, and ecological aspects of vertebrate biology. Ultimately, the aim is to allow students to develop a proper understanding of the key events in vertebrate evolution, from their early diversification in the oceans to the conquest of land.

Level 3

Animal Cognition (Core)

This module will cover the study of animal cognition from an evolutionary and functional perspective.

It explores the scientific assessment of animal cognition in a range of taxonomic classes. This module considers the importance of experimental design in the study of animal cognition.

Animal Population Genetics (Option)

This module examines the application of molecular techniques to study ecology, evolution and conservation of animal populations and species. It aims to provide the theoretical background for understanding evolutionary and population genetics. Case studies will be used to illustrate how the theory and molecular techniques are applied to inform behavioural, ecological and conservation questions, particularly relating to management of rare and threatened species of animals.

Animal Welfare Science (Core)

This module explores the scientific study of animal welfare with particular attention on methodological and interpretative issues.

Common misunderstandings and popular misconceptions which hinder the objective assessment and improvement of welfare of captive and wild animals are examined so that students are given the opportunity to develop their own defensible stance on these often emotive issues.

Behavioural Ecology (Core)

This module examines behaviour from an evolutionary perspective. The module will focus on key topics including: Optimality Theory, Sexual Selection, Communication & Sensory Ecology, Altruism & Cooperation, Arms Races, Fighting & Assessment, Navigation & Migration and Human Behaviour.

Control of Animal Disease (Option)

The module is designed to provide an understanding of the control of infectious disease in companion and animals, livestock species and wildlife.

Current Issues in Life Sciences (Option)

This module gives students the opportunity to learn skills to interpret, scrutinise and critique scientific research, through the critical evaluation of published papers and reports, attendance at external research seminars and scientific discussions with world-leading academics and industry professionals.

This module aims to enable students to increase their depth of understanding of the latest research topics and methodologies from across the Life Sciences.

Genetics & Bioethics (Option)

The module aims to provide an overview of the applications of clinical genetics and its ethical and social considerations. This module also intends to discuss genetic counselling, prenatal diagnosis of genetic disease and also carrier detection and pre-symptomatic testing.

The module gives students the opportunity to evaluate the population screening, and community genetics for single gene and chromosome disorders and also the ethical and social considerations of the Human Genome Project and treatment of genetic diseases and gene therapy.

Integrative Ecology (Option)

The Integrative Ecology module reviews advanced topics that cover core theoretical and applied areas relevant to both Evolutionary Biology and Ecology in the modern world, from a species-level scale to a global, biogeographic scale. By developing bridges between these two strongly dependent and connected fields and between both scales of analysis, the module offers a critical synthesis module that aims to strengthen the knowledge that life science students have gained following the introduction of fundamental evolutionary and ecology concepts provided by previous modules. The module will cover a range of areas of paramount relevance for our understanding of the world and of its biodiversity around us.

Life Sciences Research Project (Core)

In this module, students are expected to undertake an independent programme of research under supervision from a member of staff. It provides students with an opportunity to demonstrate original and critical thought, as well as to build practical and project-management skills.

A wide range of subject expertise exists within the School, and students are expected to select a project that is relevant to their programme of study. Under the guidance of a supervisor, students will review the literature, identify a hypothesis or hypotheses and design a programme of research to test these. They will be expected to manage the project, which will include obtaining relevant ethical approval and conducting a risk assessment. They are expected to collect and analyse data, recording their activities in a notebook.

We currently offer projects in the laboratory or field, projects that involve mathematical modelling, systematic reviews or meta-analysis of pre-collected data. Students may work individually or in groups addressing similar questions, but must write up individually. The findings of the research will be written up in the format of a scientific paper following closely the style of a key journal relevant to their area of study, or as a thesis, and will also be presented orally.

Overseas Field Course (Option)

An overseas field course gives students the opportunity to investigate biological phenomena in the field. See the Features tab for more information on potential costs incurred by these opportunities.

Students will be encouraged to view the ecosystem within the wider context of the anthropogenic impacts being imposed on it, and will be expected to work in groups, guided by staff, to develop and test hypotheses with the aim of allowing them to understand more about biological processes operating within the study area.

Palaeobiology (Option)

Palaeobiology addresses directly major changes in biological systems through time. There is enormous popular interest in big evolutionary questions, including in our own evolutionary heritage and position in the Tree of Life. However, there are also many widely held misconceptions. While such views continue to be challenged and corrected, there is still scope for concerted efforts from the biological community at large to appreciate the complexity and implications of evolutionary patterns and processes over long time periods.

This module will offer students an opportunity to gain insights into the reasons why some groups are extremely diverse, whereas others are depauperate. It will shed light upon the role of mass extinctions in shaping diversity, as well as the significance of ecological specialisation and anatomical complexity in determining the likelihood of species’ surviving and thriving. Finally, it will seek to illuminate Life’s complexity at all level of structural and functional organisation.

Veterinary Parasitology (Option)

The impact of parasites to the health, welfare and productivity of animals remains one of the most important issues in veterinary biology. A detailed understanding of the biology and epidemiology of parasites and the association they have with their hosts is vital in protecting and improving animal’s health and welfare. This module aims to provide a theoretical background for understanding the specialised features that parasites have developed to adapt to their host, the diseases which result and advances in treatment and prevention of infection.

Students can also learn analytical laboratory methods for the identification of different types of ecto- and endoparasites. Case studies will be used to illustrate how the current advances in research are applied to inform the epidemiology, control and prevention of parasite mediated disease in animals and monitor emergent diseases globally and within the UK.

†The availability of optional modules may vary from year to year and will be subject to minimum student numbers being achieved. This means that the availability of specific optional modules cannot be guaranteed. Optional module selection may also be affected by staff availability.

Special Features

You will be taught by academics who are considered to be at the forefront of their respective fields. Many publish their findings widely, contribute to policy advisory bodies and regularly communicate science to the general public.

Overseas Field Course (Optional Module)

This optional module in your final year involves an overseas field trip. This will provide the opportunity to do research in a novel environment and to study local plants and animals. Destinations may vary, but in 2016 included the cloud forests of Ecuador, the Atacama Desert in Chile, the Mankwe Wildlife Reserve in South Africa, Peniche in Portugal and the Isle of Cumbrae, Scotland.

Students who opt to undertake a field trip overseas will be expected to cover transport costs (including flight costs). These costs will vary depending on the location of the field trip. Accommodation and meals at the field sites are fully funded by the University.

Students may be required to pay for overnight stays, local travel and food close to the destination if their flights arrive the day before the team are scheduled to meet. Students may bring personal items of clothing and travel equipment, some of which may be specialised for the environment they are travelling to, and recommended medicines and travel toiletries such as anti-malaria medication, vaccinations, insect repellent and sunscreen. These costs will depend on what you choose to bring.

Residential Field Trips

There are two fully-funded residential field trips in the UK, to study animals in the field.

Included in your fees:

  • Lab coat and safety glasses
  • All costs associated with level 1 and level 2 UK residential field trips
  • All costs associated with any day-trips included in modules
  • Core first year Biology e-text and access to Pearson’s Mastering Biology e-learning resources
  • All materials required for practical and project work.

Placements

All full-time Animal Behaviour and Welfare students may take an optional placement year between the second and third year of the programme. These placements are student-led though you will be continuously supported by academic staff throughout.

Placements provide you with the opportunity to gain valuable workplace experience and a chance to hone your skills in a professional environment.

When you are on an optional placement in the UK, you will be required to cover your own transport and accommodation and meals costs.

Student as Producer

Student as Producer is a model of teaching and learning that encourages academics and undergraduate students to collaborate on research activities. It is a programme committed to learning through doing.

The Student as Producer initiative was commended by the QAA in our 2012 review and is one of the teaching and learning features that makes the Lincoln experience unique.

Facilities

The range of specialist facilities available for the study of animal behaviour and welfare currently includes aquatic and reptile facilities, an insectary and a bioacoustics laboratory.

At Lincoln, we constantly invest in our campus as we aim to provide the best learning environment for our undergraduates. Whatever the area of study, the University strives to ensure students have access to specialist equipment and resources, to develop the skills, which they may need in their future career.

View our campus pages [www.lincoln.ac.uk/home/campuslife/ourcampus/] to learn more about our teaching and learning facilities.

Career Opportunities

Previous graduates have gone on to work in both practical and research roles that involve the management, welfare, training and conservation of companion, farm and wild animals. Some graduates choose to continue their study at MSc or PhD level.

Careers Service

The University Careers and Employability Team offer qualified advisors who can work with students to provide tailored, individual support and careers advice during their time at the University. As a member of our alumni we also offer one-to-one support in the first year after completing a course, including access to events, vacancy information and website resources; with access to online vacancies and virtual resources for the following two years.

This service can include one-to-one coaching, CV advice and interview preparation to help you maximise our graduates future opportunities.

The service works closely with local, national and international employers, acting as a gateway to the business world.

Visit our Careers Service pages for further information. [http://www.lincoln.ac.uk/home/campuslife/studentsupport/careersservice/]

Additional Costs

For each course students may find that there are additional costs. These may be with regard to the specific clothing, materials or equipment required, depending on their subject area. Some courses provide opportunities for students to undertake field work or field trips. Where these are compulsory, the cost for the travel, accommodation and meals may be covered by the University and so is included in the fee. Where these are optional students will normally (unless stated otherwise) be required to pay their own transportation, accommodation and meal costs.

With regards to text books, the University provides students who enrol with a comprehensive reading list and our extensive library holds either material or virtual versions of the core texts that students are required to read. However, students may prefer to purchase some of these for themselves and will therefore be responsible for this cost. Where there may be exceptions to this general rule, information will be displayed in a section titled Other Costs below.

Related Courses

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The BSc (Hons) Biology degree at Lincoln covers a diverse range of subject areas while allowing you to develop your own specialisms. The course includes opportunities for overseas field work to study living organisms in their natural environments.
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The Science Foundation Year aims to prepare students for degree-level study, by equipping them with the skills and knowledge needed to be successful in science, healthcare or engineering related subjects. The course is designed to open up an exciting world of opportunities within these disciplines for students who do not meet our standard entry requirements.

Introduction

The BSc (Hons) Animal Behaviour and Welfare degree employs a multidisciplinary and research-driven approach. You will be taught by academics who are considered to be at the forefront of their respective fields.

The course aims to help students develop the knowledge and skills needed to understand animal behaviour and welfare, working, for example, with insects, reptiles, birds and mammals.

The range of specialist facilities available for the study of animal behaviour and welfare currently includes aquatic and reptile facilities, an insectary and a bioacoustics laboratory.

There are two residential field trips in the UK, enabling students to study animals in the wild. These trips are part of two core modules. For UK based field trips the University will cover costs of transport, accommodation and meals at the field site.

There is also an overseas field trip available in your final year as part of the optional 'Overseas Field Course' module. This can allow students to observe and study the behaviour of animals in their natural habitat. Further details on the Overseas Field Course, including costs, can be found in the Features tab.

The scientific study of animal behaviour and welfare can further our understanding of why animals behave in the way that they do. It reveals how best to respond to the challenges that face animals living in captive and wild environments.

How You Study

In the first year, students can develop an understanding of how biological systems function, with a focus on topics such as anatomy, cell biology and genetics. Students are also introduced to the study of animal behaviour and welfare assessment.

During the second year, students experience a range of modules, including animal behaviour and animal protection.

In the final year, students undertake a supervised, independent research project in addition to studying key topics such as animal welfare science, animal cognition and behavioural ecology.

Contact Hours

Level 1:

At level one students will typically have around 18 hours of contact time per week. A typical week may consist of:

  • 1 hour of external visits
  • 2 hours of fieldwork
  • 3 hours of practical classes and workshops
  • 2 hours of project supervision
  • 1 hour of tutorial time
  • 1 hour in seminars
  • 8 hours in lectures


Level 2:

At level two students will typically have around 16 hours of contact time per week. A typical week may consist of:

  • 4 hours of external visits
  • 2 hours of practical classes and workshops
  • 1 hour of project supervision
  • 1 hour of tutorial time
  • 1 hour in seminars
  • 7 hours in lectures


Level 3:

At level three students will typically have around 17 hours of contact time per week. A typical week may consist of:

  • 1 hour of external visits
  • 1 hour of fieldwork
  • 1 hour of practical classes and workshops
  • 3 hours of project supervision
  • 2 hours of tutorial time
  • 1 hour in seminars
  • 8 hours in lectures


Overall Workload and Independent Study

University-level study involves a significant proportion of independent study, exploring the material covered in lectures and seminars. Students’ overall workload will consist of their scheduled contact hours combined with independent study. The expected level of independent study is detailed below.

Level 1:

  • Total scheduled teaching and learning hours: 336
  • Percentage scheduled teaching and learning hours: 28%
  • Percentage of independent study expected: 72%


Level 2:

  • Total scheduled teaching and learning hours: 330
  • Percentage scheduled teaching and learning hours: 28%
  • Percentage of independent study expected: 72%


Level 3:

  • Total scheduled teaching and learning hours: 285
  • Percentage scheduled teaching and learning hours: 24%
  • Percentage of independent study expected: 76%

Contact Hours and Independent Study

Contact hours may vary for each year of a degree. When engaging in a full-time degree students should, at the very least, expect to undertake a minimum of 37 hours of study each week during term time (including independent study) in addition to potentially undertaking assignments outside of term time. The composition and delivery for the course breaks down differently for each module and may include lectures, seminars, workshops, independent study, practicals, work placements, research and one-to-one learning.

University-level study involves a significant proportion of independent study, exploring the material covered in lectures and seminars. As a general guide, for every hour in class students are expected to spend two - three hours in independent study.

On each of our course pages you can find information on typical contact hours, modes of delivery and a breakdown of assessment methods. Where available, you will also be able to access a link to Unistats.com, where the latest data on student satisfaction and employability outcomes can be found.

How You Are Assessed

The way students will be assessed on this course will vary for each module. It could include coursework, such as a dissertation or essay, written and practical exams, portfolio development, group work or presentations to name some examples.

Assessment Breakdown

Level 1:

Coursework: 43.75%
Practical exams: 12.5%
Written exams: 43.75%

Level 2:

Coursework: 55%
Practical exams: 0%
Written exams: 45%

Level 3:

Coursework: 68.5%
Practical exams: 3.8%
Written exams: 27.7%

Assessment Feedback

The University of Lincoln's policy on assessment feedback aims to ensure that academics will return in-course assessments to students promptly – usually within 15 working days after the submission date (unless stated differently above)..

Methods of Assessment

The way students will be assessed on this course will vary for each module. It could include coursework, such as a dissertation or essay, written and practical exams, portfolio development, group work or presentations to name some examples.

For a breakdown of assessment methods used on this course and student satisfaction, please visit the Unistats website, using the link at the bottom of this page.

Throughout this degree, students may receive tuition from professors, senior lecturers, lecturers, researchers, practitioners, visiting experts or technicians, and they may be supported in their learning by other students.

Staff

Throughout this degree, students may receive tuition from professors, senior lecturers, lecturers, researchers, practitioners, visiting experts or technicians, and they may be supported in their learning by other students.

For a comprehensive list of teaching staff, please see our School of Life Sciences Staff Pages.

Entry Requirements 2018-19

GCE Advanced Levels: BBB, including grade B from A Level Biology.

International Baccalaureate: 30 points overall, with Higher Level
grade 5 in Biology.

BTEC Extended Diploma in Animal Management/Applied Science accepted: Distinction, Distinction, Merit.

If you are currently studying or have studied a BTEC Extended Diploma in Applied Science from 2016 onwards, the following optional modules will be accepted:

• Unit 8 - Physiology of Human Body Systems
• Unit 9 – Human Regulation and Reproduction
• Unit 10 – Biological Molecules and Metabolic Pathways
• Unit 11 – Genetics and Genetic Engineering
• Unit 12 – Diseases and Infections
• Unit 13 – Applications of Inorganic Chemistry
• Unit 14 – Applications of Organic Chemistry
• Unit 17 – Microbiology and Microbiological Techniques
• Unit 19 – Practical Chemical Analysis
• Unit 20 – Biomedical Science
• Unit 21 – Medical Physics Applications

Access to Higher Education Diploma in a Science subject accepted: A minimum of 45 level 3 credits at merit or above will be required, 15 of which must be in Biology.

We will also consider extensive, relevant work experience.
In addition, applicants must have at least 3 GCSEs at grade C or above in English, Maths and Science. Level 2 equivalent qualifications such as BTEC First Certificates and Level 2 Functional Skills will be considered.

If you would like further information about entry requirements, or would like to discuss whether the qualifications you are currently studying are acceptable, please contact the Admissions team on 01522 886097, or email admissions@lincoln.ac.uk.

Level 1

Animal Management (Core)

This module will cover the contributions of animal scientists, welfare bodies, legislators, producers and consumers to the housing and management of captive animals. There will be a focus on the animal’s biological requirements in captivity and the application of good husbandry practice to farm, laboratory, zoo and companion animals of a wide range of taxonomic groups.

Cell Biology (Core)

This module aims to provide an introduction to the structure, composition and function of eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells. From this basis the module considers cell specialisation and division and an introduction to microscopy, histological and microbiological techniques which may be used to safely examine and identify cells and tissues.

Comparative Form and Function in Animals (Core)

This module is concerned with the principles of the diversity of anatomical form and function in animals using a comparative approach. Anatomical adaptations will be explored across taxa within the animal kingdom in order to show how different types of organisms use their anatomy to solve the similar morphological and physiological problems. Through this, an understanding of anatomically distinct and shared features across animal species can be developed using examples of how organisms from different taxa address key aspects of their life histories.

Ecology (Core)

Ecology is the scientific study of the interactions between organisms and their environment. These interactions can be studied across different levels of biological organisation including individuals, populations, communities and ecosystems. This module will examine how these different levels of organisation are interconnected and how the study of ecology allows us to better understand patterns in the natural world

Genetics (Core)

This module is designed to provide students with an introduction to genetics by discussing the development of genetics as a field of science, from molecular genetics through Mendelian genetics, to genetics at the population level. Students have previously studied cell biology and biochemistry, and this knowledge is built on in order to consider the replication, maintenance and expression of the genome. This module aims to provide the knowledge necessary to study applications of molecular biology at a higher level.

Introduction to Animal Behaviour and Welfare (Core)

This module aims to introduce the principles underlying animal behaviour and the welfare of animals in our care.

It will adopt approaches derived from Tinbergen’s levels of explanation of behaviour, such as control, lifetime development and adaptive value of behaviour. Students will have the opportunity to be taught how to observe and record the behaviour of animals from a range of taxonomic groups. The module will introduce approaches to animal welfare assessment and their application.

Research Methods for Life Scientists 1 (Core)

This module aims to introduce the skills and knowledge necessary to assimilate and judge scientific knowledge. Students are introduced to the tools required to search and evaluate the scientific literature relevant to their studies, and some of the key philosophical constructs around which scientific knowledge is based. Students can develop an understanding of hypothesis testing, experimental design, data collection, basic mathematical and statistical concepts and data presentation, and are shown how these methods are put into practice through a series of research seminars.

Vertebrate Physiology (Core)

This module takes a comparative approach to demonstrate how physiology of a wide range of vertebrates places a key role in the life of an animal. The module explains how environmental factors, such as temperature or salinity, impacts on an animal's physiology and how this interacts with its behaviour and ecology. There is also consideration of how internal factors, e.g. hormones and nervous tissue, can control behaviour.

Level 2

Animal Behaviour (Core)

This module is based on the four ethological levels of explanation for animal behaviour; mechanism, development, function and evolution. The concepts underlying the study of animal behaviour will be covered in a range of taxonomic groups. The module will also consider the scientific approach to behavioural studies.

Animal Health and Disease (Core)

The module provides an overview of the biology of diseases of livestock, companion and wild animals. It is designed to introduce students to the use of laboratory techniques in the investigation of disease.

Animal Nutrition (Core)

This module covers wide ranging aspects of animal nutrition using examples from insects to primates, and considers how, why and what animals eat, in terms of the anatomical, physiological, behavioural and ecological factors which influence nutrient intake in conditions of health and disease.

Animal Protection (Core)

This module explores legislation, legal and political procedures in the furtherance, regulation and enforcement of animal welfare. The module explores the background and need for legislation relating to animals, the procedures involved in forming legislation – both political and legal; and how citizens may become involved in that process.

Students have the opportunity to develop critical analytical skills through the interpretation of statutes and case law and evaluation of animal welfare campaign material. Students also have the opportunity to learn how to comprehend and analyse the structure and logic of arguments used in debates about animals.

Conservation Biology (Core)

This module provides a critical insight into the application of the principles of conservation biology. It will give an overview of the nature, value and complex threats to biodiversity and will detail the biological problems faced by small populations of animals, in particular. The module will also deal with the practice of population conservation and management, including methods to assess population size, survival rates and how to use this information to assess the viability of populations.

Evolution (Option)

The Evolution module aims to introduce the fundamental concepts and theories that explain and predict how biodiversity evolves as a result of multiple factors emerging from both ecological and sexual interactions. The integrative nature of this module guarantees that a broad diversity of the central topics in the field of Evolution is covered.

Immunology (Option)

This module provides an overview of the cellular and molecular basis of the immune response in health and human diseases. The structure, function and complex mechanisms of host defence by B- and T-Cells will be discussed. Students will evaluate the role of inflammatory mediators, soluble effectors and cellular cytotoxicity in inflammation and immunity.

Invertebrate Zoology (Option)

This module is an introduction to the invertebrates, which represent more than 97% of the animal kingdom. Invertebrate animals are organized in nearly 15 major higher taxa. For each taxon the student will first learn the body plan and topics including diversity, evolution, phylogeny, classification, anatomy, physiology, behaviour, natural history, and biomechanics.

Topics will be covered with lectures and laboratory practices, starting with the origins of invertebrates, following subsequent major advances in the evolution of aquatic and terrestrial groups. For instance the module will consider the transition from sea to land. The module will also emphasise different aspects of invertebrate biology: their development, diversity of reproduction, life history traits, behaviour, and their medical, forensic and agricultural importance.

Reproduction and Development (Option)

This module focuses on reproduction and development in invertebrates and vertebrates. There will be a comparative analysis of anatomy, physiology, behaviour and evolution of reproductive patterns, including the main anatomical features of male and female reproductive tracts. There will be descriptions of the processes of gamete production in males and females. The underlying principles of ontogeny from fertilisation to birth will be described using a variety of taxa with an emphasis on the factors controlling developmental processes.

Research Methods for Life Scientists 2 (Core)

This module introduces the principles of experimental design and various methods of collection of quantitative and qualitative data. It describes statistical significance tests for comparing data and enables students to practise where and how to use each statistical test. The module is designed to allow students to critically assess published work with regard to design of experiment and analysis of data. It will provide students with the chance to develop the skills required to design and analyse a research project generally, and specifically that undertaken in year three of their course.

Vertebrate Zoology (Option)

The Vertebrate Zoology module introduces the biology and diversity of vertebrates. Vertebrates have colonised all environments on Earth, and include several model organisms that have played an unsurpassed role in analyses of the dynamics of ecological and evolutionary processes.

The module places emphasis on the history of all vertebrate groups, their extinct and extant biodiversity, and their classification. It provides general descriptions of fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals, and uses case studies from each of these groups to illustrate patterns and processes underpinning radiations, ecological adaptations, evolutionary transitions and genetic proliferation. The lectures detail anatomical, functional, palaeontological, and ecological aspects of vertebrate biology. Ultimately, the aim is to allow students to develop a proper understanding of the key events in vertebrate evolution, from their early diversification in the oceans to the conquest of land.

Level 3

Animal Cognition (Core)

This module will cover the study of animal cognition from an evolutionary and functional perspective.

It explores the scientific assessment of animal cognition in a range of taxonomic classes. This module considers the importance of experimental design in the study of animal cognition.

Animal Population Genetics (Option)

This module examines the application of molecular techniques to study ecology, evolution and conservation of animal populations and species. It aims to provide the theoretical background for understanding evolutionary and population genetics. Case studies will be used to illustrate how the theory and molecular techniques are applied to inform behavioural, ecological and conservation questions, particularly relating to management of rare and threatened species of animals.

Animal Welfare Science (Core)

This module explores the scientific study of animal welfare with particular attention on methodological and interpretative issues.

Common misunderstandings and popular misconceptions which hinder the objective assessment and improvement of welfare of captive and wild animals are examined so that students are given the opportunity to develop their own defensible stance on these often emotive issues.

Behavioural Ecology (Core)

This module examines behaviour from an evolutionary perspective.

The module will focus on key topics including: Optimality Theory, Sexual Selection, Communication & Sensory Ecology, Altruism & Cooperation, Arms Races, Fighting & Assessment, Navigation & Migration and Human Behaviour.

Control of Animal Disease (Option)

The module is designed to provide an understanding of the control of infectious disease in companion and animals, livestock species and wildlife.

Current Issues in Life Sciences (Option)

This module gives students the opportunity to learn skills to interpret, scrutinise and critique scientific research, through the critical evaluation of published papers and reports, attendance at external research seminars and scientific discussions with world-leading academics and industry professionals.

This module aims to enable students to increase their depth of understanding of the latest research topics and methodologies from across the Life Sciences.

Genetics & Bioethics (Option)

The module provides an overview of the applications of clinical genetics and its ethical and social considerations. This module also intends to discuss genetic counselling, prenatal diagnosis of genetic disease and also carrier detection and pre-symptomatic testing. The module enables students to evaluate the population screening, and community genetics for single gene and chromosome disorders and also the ethical and social considerations of the Human Genome Project and treatment of genetic diseases and gene therapy.

Integrative Ecology (Option)

The Integrative Ecology module reviews advanced topics that cover core theoretical and applied areas relevant to both Evolutionary Biology and Ecology in the modern world, from a species-level scale to a global, biogeographic scale. By developing bridges between these two strongly dependent and connected fields and between both scales of analysis, Integrative Ecology offers a critical synthesis module that aims to strengthen the knowledge that life science students have gained following the introduction of fundamental evolutionary and ecology concepts provided by previous modules. The module will cover a range of areas of paramount relevance for our understanding of the world and of its biodiversity around us.

Life Sciences Research Project (Core)

In this module students undertake an independent programme of research under supervision from a member of staff. It provides students with an opportunity to demonstrate original and critical thought, as well as to build practical and project-management skills. A wide range of subject expertise exists within the School, and students are expected to select a project that is relevant to their programme of study. Under the guidance of a supervisor, students will review the literature, identify a hypothesis or hypotheses and design a programme of research to test these. They will be expected to manage the project, including obtaining relevant ethical approval and conducting a risk assessment. They will collect and analyse data, recording their activities in a notebook. We currently offer projects in the laboratory or field, or projects that involve mathematical modelling, systematic reviews or meta-analysis of pre-collected data. Students may work individually or in groups addressing similar questions, but must write up individually. The project should be written up in the format of a scientific paper following closely the style of a key journal relevant to their area of study, or as a thesis.

Overseas Field Course (Option)

An overseas field course gives students the opportunity to investigate biological phenomena in the field. See the Features tab for more information on potential costs incurred by these opportunities.

Students will be encouraged to view the ecosystem within the wider context of the anthropogenic impacts being imposed on it, and will be expected to work in groups, guided by staff, to develop and test hypotheses with the aim of allowing them to understand more about biological processes operating within the study area.

Palaeobiology (Option)

Palaeobiology addresses directly major changes in biological systems through time with an emphasis on whole-organism biology and organism-environment interactions. There is enormous popular interest in big evolutionary questions, including in our own evolutionary heritage and position in the Tree of Life. This module will offer students an opportunity to gain insights into the reasons why some groups are extremely diverse, whereas others are lacking. It will shed light upon the role of mass extinctions in shaping diversity, as well as the significance of ecological specialisation and anatomical complexity in determining the likelihood of species’ surviving and thriving. Finally, it will aim to illuminate Life’s complexity at all level of structural and functional organisation.

Veterinary Parasitology (Option)

The impact of parasites to the health, welfare and productivity of animals remains one of the most important issues in veterinary biology. A detailed understanding of the biology and epidemiology of parasites and the association they have with their hosts is vital in protecting and improving animal’s health and welfare. This module aims to provide a theoretical background for understanding the specialised features that parasites have developed to adapt to their host, the diseases which result and advances in treatment and prevention of infection.

Students can also learn analytical laboratory methods for the identification of different types of ecto- and endoparasites. Case studies will be used to illustrate how the current advances in research are applied to inform the epidemiology, control and prevention of parasite mediated disease in animals and monitor emergent diseases globally and within the UK.

†The availability of optional modules may vary from year to year and will be subject to minimum student numbers being achieved. This means that the availability of specific optional modules cannot be guaranteed. Optional module selection may also be affected by staff availability.

Special Features

You will be taught by academics who are considered to be at the forefront of their respective fields. Many publish their findings widely, contribute to policy advisory bodies and regularly communicate science to the general public.

Overseas Field Course (Optional Module)

This optional module in your final year involves an overseas field trip. This will provide the opportunity to do research in a novel environment and to study local plants and animals. Destinations may vary, but in 2016 included the cloud forests of Ecuador, the Atacama Desert in Chile, the Mankwe Wildlife Reserve in South Africa, Peniche in Portugal and the Isle of Cumbrae, Scotland.

Students who opt to undertake a field trip overseas will be expected to cover transport costs (including flight costs). These costs will vary depending on the location of the field trip. Accommodation and meals at the field sites are fully funded by the University.

Students may be required to pay for overnight stays, local travel and food close to the destination if their flights arrive the day before the team are scheduled to meet. Students may bring personal items of clothing and travel equipment, some of which may be specialised for the environment they are travelling to, and recommended medicines and travel toiletries such as anti-malaria medication, vaccinations, insect repellent and sunscreen. These costs will depend on what you choose to bring.

Residential Field Trips

There are two fully-funded residential field trips in the UK, to study animals in the field.

Included in your fees:

  • Lab coat and safety glasses
  • All costs associated with level 1 and level 2 UK residential field trips
  • All costs associated with any day-trips included in modules
  • Core first year Biology e-text and access to Pearson’s Mastering Biology e-learning resources
  • All materials required for practical and project work.

Placements

All full-time Animal Behaviour and Welfare students may take an optional placement year between the second and third year of the programme. These placements are student-led though you will be continuously supported by academic staff throughout.

Placements provide you with the opportunity to gain valuable workplace experience and a chance to hone your skills in a professional environment.

When you are on an optional placement in the UK, you will be required to cover your own transport and accommodation and meals costs.

Student as Producer

Student as Producer is a model of teaching and learning that encourages academics and undergraduate students to collaborate on research activities. It is a programme committed to learning through doing.

The Student as Producer initiative was commended by the QAA in our 2012 review and is one of the teaching and learning features that makes the Lincoln experience unique.

Facilities

The range of specialist facilities available for the study of animal behaviour and welfare currently includes aquatic and reptile facilities, an insectary and a bioacoustics laboratory.

At Lincoln, we constantly invest in our campus as we aim to provide the best learning environment for our undergraduates. Whatever the area of study, the University strives to ensure students have access to specialist equipment and resources, to develop the skills, which they may need in their future career.

View our campus pages [www.lincoln.ac.uk/home/campuslife/ourcampus/] to learn more about our teaching and learning facilities.

Career Opportunities

Previous graduates have gone on to work in both practical and research roles that involve the management, welfare, training and conservation of companion, farm and wild animals. Some graduates choose to continue their study at MSc or PhD level.

Careers Service

The University Careers and Employability Team offer qualified advisors who can work with students to provide tailored, individual support and careers advice during their time at the University. As a member of our alumni we also offer one-to-one support in the first year after completing a course, including access to events, vacancy information and website resources; with access to online vacancies and virtual resources for the following two years.

This service can include one-to-one coaching, CV advice and interview preparation to help you maximise our graduates future opportunities.

The service works closely with local, national and international employers, acting as a gateway to the business world.

Visit our Careers Service pages for further information. [http://www.lincoln.ac.uk/home/campuslife/studentsupport/careersservice/]

Additional Costs

For each course students may find that there are additional costs. These may be with regard to the specific clothing, materials or equipment required, depending on their subject area. Some courses provide opportunities for students to undertake field work or field trips. Where these are compulsory, the cost for the travel, accommodation and meals may be covered by the University and so is included in the fee. Where these are optional students will normally (unless stated otherwise) be required to pay their own transportation, accommodation and meal costs.

With regards to text books, the University provides students who enrol with a comprehensive reading list and our extensive library holds either material or virtual versions of the core texts that students are required to read. However, students may prefer to purchase some of these for themselves and will therefore be responsible for this cost. Where there may be exceptions to this general rule, information will be displayed in a section titled Other Costs below.

Related Courses

The MBio Animal Behaviour and Welfare degree employs a multidisciplinary and research-driven approach. You will be taught by academics who are considered to be at the forefront of their respective fields.
Our BSc (Hons) Biochemistry degree takes a research-centred approach to teaching and learning, providing the opportunity to work closely with academics on collaborative research projects.
Our MBio Biochemistry degree takes a research-centred approach to teaching and learning, providing the opportunity to work closely with academics on collaborative research projects.
The BSc (Hons) Biology degree at Lincoln covers a diverse range of subject areas while allowing you to develop your own specialisms. The course includes opportunities for overseas field work to study living organisms in their natural environments.
The MBio Biology degree at Lincoln covers a diverse range of subject areas while allowing you to develop your own specialisms.
The BSc (Hons) Biomedical Science degree at Lincoln is designed to lay the foundations of knowledge needed to understand and investigate human disease. It aims to prepare students for careers as biomedical scientists in the NHS or as scientific researchers.
The MBio Biomedical Science degree at Lincoln is designed to lay the foundations of knowledge needed to understand and investigate human disease. It aims to prepare students for careers as biomedical scientists in the NHS or as scientific researchers.
The BSc (Hons) Bioveterinary Science degree at Lincoln gives students the opportunity to learn the science that underlies animal health and disease.
The MBio Bioveterinary Science degree at Lincoln gives students the opportunity to learn the science that underlies animal health and disease.
The study of zoology is an exploration of how animals have evolved, how they function, and the ways in which they interact with their environment. The subject integrates anatomy, physiology, behaviour, ecology, evolution and conservation to provide a comprehensive understanding of species structure and diversity.
The MBio Zoology degree at Lincoln is an exploration of how animals have evolved, how they function and the ways in which they interact with their environment. The course integrates anatomy, physiology, behaviour, ecology, evolution and conservation to provide a comprehensive understanding of species structure and diversity.
The Science Foundation Year aims to prepare students for degree-level study, by equipping them with the skills and knowledge needed to be successful in science, healthcare or engineering related subjects. The course is designed to open up an exciting world of opportunities within these disciplines for students who do not meet our standard entry requirements.

Tuition Fees

2017/18 EntryUK/EUInternational
Full-time £9,250 per level £14,500 per level
Part-time £77.00 per credit point  N/A
Placement (optional) Exempt Exempt

 

2018/19 EntryUK/EUInternational
Full-time £9,250 per level £15,600 per level
Part-time £77.00 per credit point  N/A
Placement (optional) Exempt Exempt


The University undergraduate tuition fee may increase year on year in line with government policy. This will enable us to continue to provide the best possible educational facilities and student experience.

In 2017/18, fees for all new and continuing undergraduate UK and EU students will be £9,250.

In 2018/19, fees may increase in line with Government Policy. We will update this information when fees for 2018/19 are finalised.

Please note that not all courses are available as a part-time option.

For more information and for details about funding your study, please see our UK/EU Fees & Funding pages or our International funding and scholarship pages. [www.lincoln.ac.uk/home/studyatlincoln/undergraduatecourses/feesandfunding/] [www.lincoln.ac.uk/home/international/feesandfunding/]

The University intends to provide its courses as outlined in these pages, although the University may make changes in accordance with the Student Admissions Terms and Conditions [www.lincoln.ac.uk/StudentAdmissionsTermsandConditions].