100%of BSc (Hons) Animal Behaviour and Welfare students agreed that academics on this course are enthusiastic about what they teach according to the National Student Survey 2015, as provided by unistats.com
The BSc (Hons) Animal Behaviour and Welfare degree employs a multidisciplinary and research-driven approach. The course aims to help students develop the knowledge and skills needed to understand animal behaviour and welfare, working for example, with insects, reptiles, birds and mammals.
The range of specialist facilities available for the study of animal behaviour and welfare currently includes aquatic and reptile facilities, an insectary and a bioacoustics laboratory.
The scientific study of animal behaviour and welfare furthers our understanding of why animals behave in the way that they do. It reveals how best to respond to the challenges that face animals living in captive and wild environments.
How You Study
In the first year, students develop an understanding of how biological systems function, with a focus on topics such as anatomy, physiology and genetics. Students are also introduced to the study of animal behaviour and welfare assessment. During the second year, students experience a range of research-led modules, including animal behaviour, ecology and animal management systems.
In the final year, students undertake a supervised, independent research project in addition to studying key topics such as animal welfare science and animal cognition. There is an option to take part in an overseas field course, which allows you to observe and study the behaviour of animals in their natural habitat (please see our fees section for more information and costs).
Contact Hours and Independent Study
Contact hours may vary for each year of your degree. However, remember that you are engaging in a full-time degree; so, at the very least, you should expect to undertake a minimum of 37 hours of study each week during term time and you may undertake assignments outside of term time. The composition and delivery for the course breaks down differently for each module and may include lectures, seminars, workshops, independent study, practicals, work placements, research and one-to-one learning.
University-level study involves a significant proportion of independent study, exploring the material covered in lectures and seminars. As a general guide, for every hour in class students are expected to spend two - three hours in independent study.
Please see the Unistats data, using the link at the bottom of this page, for specific information relating to this course in terms of course composition and delivery, contact hours and student satisfaction.
How You Study
The University of Lincoln's policy on assessment feedback aims to ensure that academics will return in-course assessments to you promptly – no later than 15 working days after the submission date.
Methods of Assessment
The way you will be assessed on this course will vary for each module. It could include coursework, such as a dissertation or essay, written and practical exams, portfolio development, group work or presentations to name some examples.
For a breakdown of assessment methods used on this course and student satisfaction, please visit the Unistats website, using the link at the bottom of this page.
Throughout this degree, students may receive tuition from professors, senior lecturers, lecturers, researchers, practitioners, visiting experts or technicians, and they may be supported in their learning by other students.
For a comprehensive list of teaching staff, please see our School of Life Sciences Staff Pages.
Students must have a minimum of 300 UCAS tariff points, including at least two A Levels and 80 points in Biology. In addition to the minimum two A Levels, other qualifications such as AS Levels, the Extended Project and the ASDAN CoPE for example, will be counted towards the 300 point requirement.
In addition, applicants must also have at least three GCSEs at grade C or above (or equivalent) to include English Language, Maths and a science subject.
We also accept a wide range of other qualifications including the BTEC Extended Diploma, Diploma and Subsidiary Diploma, the European and International Baccalaureate Diplomas, and Advanced Diplomas. You can find tariff values on the UCAS website http://lncn.eu/cdez
Applications are welcomed from mature students who are studying towards an Access to Higher Education in a science related programme. A minimum of 45 level 3 credits at merit or above will be required. We will also consider applicants with extensive relevant work experience.
If you would like further information about entry requirements, or would like to discuss whether the qualifications you are currently studying are acceptable, please contact the Admissions team on 01522 886097, or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Animal Anatomy and Physiology
This module is concerned with the principles of the diversity of anatomical form and function in animals using a comparative approach.
Anatomical adaptations will be explored across taxa within the animal kingdom in order to show how different types of organisms use their anatomy to solve the similar morphological and physiological problems. Through this, an understanding of anatomically distinct and shared features across animal species can be developed using examples of how organisms from different taxa address key aspects of their life histories.
This module aims to provide an introduction to the structure, composition and function of eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells. From this basis the module considers cell specialisation and division and an introduction to microscopy, histological and microbiological techniques which may be used to safely examine and identify cells and tissues.
Evolution & Ecology
This module aims to introduce students to the basic concepts and scope of evolutionary biology.
Students will have the opportunity to consider the history of evolutionary ideas followed by an introduction to the modern synthesis of evolution by the processes of natural and sexual selection and neutral models of evolution. Key ecological concepts will be introduced within a framework that highlights the interactions between ecology and evolution.
This module aims to provide students with an introduction to genetics by discussing the development of genetics as a field of science, from Mendelian genetics through to genetics at the molecular level.
This module is designed to provide a foundation to develop an understanding and appreciation of biochemistry in the context life processes. This module focuses on basic biochemical principles and introduce the fundamental building blocks of life with the inclusion of concepts relating to the structure and functional properties of biological molecules.
The importance of cellular and molecular pathways is covered with a view of highlighting key metabolic pathways required to sustain cellular functions. Basic concepts of biochemical signalling pathways are also introduced.
Introduction to Animal Behaviour and Welfare
This module aims to introduce the principles underlying animal behaviour and the protection of animals in our care.
It will adopt approaches derived from Tinbergen’s levels of explanation of behaviour, such as control, lifetime development and adaptive value of behaviour. Students will have the opportunity to be taught how to observe and record the behaviour of animals from a range of taxonomic groups. The module will introduce approaches to animal welfare assessment and their application.
Plant Structure and Function
This module aims to provide a broad overview of plant form and function by reviewing the key structural characteristics of cells, tissues and organs in a range of plant species.
It investigates the diversity of plant form and the evolutionary history of plant life; emphasis is placed on the adaptations of plants to their environment. It focuses on the relationship between anatomy and the mechanical role of cells, tissues and organs. On completion of this module students would be expected to have a broad understanding of form and function in plants, key elements of plant-animal co-evolution / interactions, and an appreciation of the diverse range of structures and tissues utilised by humans.
Research Methods for Life Scientists 1
This module aims to introduce the skills and knowledge necessary to assimilate and judge scientific knowledge. Students will have the opportunity to be introduced to the tools required to search and evaluate the scientific literature relevant to study, and some of the key philosophical constructs around which scientific knowledge is based.
Students can be taught about hypothesis testing, experimental design, data collection, basic mathematical and statistical concepts and data presentation, and how these methods are put into practice.
This module is based on the four ethological levels of explanation for animal behaviour; mechanism, development, function and evolution. The concepts underlying the study of animal behaviour will be covered in a range of taxonomic groups. The module will also consider the scientific approach to behavioural studies.
Animal Health and Disease (Option)
This module provides an overview of the biology of some common animal diseases, both at the individual and population level. It will provide the opportunity to explore the interrelationship between the environment and major disease processes and make reference to specialist areas such as microbiology, parasitology and nutrition. This module aims to introduce students to the use of laboratory techniques in the investigation of disease, from a theoretical and practical point of view.
Animal Management Systems
This module will cover the contributions of animal scientists, welfare organisations, legislators, producers and consumers to the design and management of captive animal environments.
There will be a focus on the animal’s biological requirements in captivity and the application of good husbandry practice to farm, laboratory, zoo and companion animals of a wide range of taxonomic groups.
This module covers the function, digestion and utilisation of nutrients, as well as factors which influence food intake. In addition it covers the relationship between nutrition and health and disease.
This module explores legislation, legal and political procedures in the furtherance, regulation and enforcement of animal welfare. The module explores the background and need for legislation relating to animals, the procedures involved in forming legislation – both political and legal; and how citizens may become involved in that process.
Students have the opportunity to develop critical analytical skills through the interpretation of statutes and case law and evaluation of animal welfare campaign material. Students also have the opportunity to learn how to comprehend and analyse the structure and logic of arguments used in debates about animals.
Ecology is the scientific study of the interactions between organisms and between organisms and their environment. These interactions can be studied across different levels of biological organisation including individuals, populations, communities and ecosystems. This module will examine how these different levels of organisation are interconnected and how the study of ecology allows us to better understand the natural world.
Molecular Biology (Option)
Molecular biology is of critical importance when understanding biological systems. This module is designed to provide students with an insight into the techniques used and applied by molecular biologists in a number of specific contexts.
Plant-Animal Interactions (Option)
In this module students have the opportunity to gain an understanding of, and an appreciation for, the interactions between plants and animals that have been the driving force for the evolution of the world as we know it.
Interactions between the flowering plants and vertebrate and invertebrate animals have led to the huge diversity of flowering plants that maintain the essential life support systems of the planet and are the basis of all current agricultural systems. Despite the huge economic costs of agricultural pests that damage plants, the evolutionary arms race between plants and their herbivores has driven the evolution of many of the important plant secondary compounds we use today as stimulants (e.g. caffeine) or drugs (e.g. salicylic acid = aspirin). Other economically, evolutionarily or ecologically important plant-animal interactions include pollination and seed dispersal.
Students will have the opportunity to examine the economic, evolutionary and ecological consequences of plant-animal interactions at scales from ecosystems to molecules. They will have the opportunity to develop their own perspective on this important topic, and will be asked to review, interpret and evaluate the evidence available in the primary literature.
Reproduction and Development (Option)
This module focuses on reproduction and development in invertebrates and vertebrates. There will be a comparative analysis of anatomy, physiology, behaviour and evolution of reproductive patterns, including the main anatomical features of male and female reproductive tracts. There will be descriptions of the processes of gamete production in males and females. The underlying principles of ontogeny from fertilisation to birth will be described using a variety of taxa with an emphasis on the factors controlling developmental processes.
Research Methods for Life Scientists 2
This module aims to introduce the principles of experimental design and various methods of collection of quantitative and qualitative data. It describes statistical significance tests for comparing data and aims to enable students to practise where and how to use each statistical test.
The module will give students the opportunity to critically assess published work with regard to design of experiment and analysis of data. It will aim to provide students with skills required to design and analyse a research project generally, and specifically that undertaken in year three of their course.
This module will cover the study of animal cognition from an evolutionary and functional perspective.
It explores the scientific assessment of animal cognition in a range of taxonomic classes. This module considers the importance of experimental design in the study of animal cognition.
Animal Welfare Science
This module explores the scientific study of animal welfare with particular attention on methodological and interpretative issues.
Common misunderstandings and popular misconceptions which hinder the objective assessment and improvement of welfare of captive and wild animals are examined so that students are given the opportunity to develop their own defensible stance on these often emotive issues.
This module examines behaviour from an evolutionary perspective.
The module will focus on key topics including: Optimality Theory, Sexual Selection, Communication & Sensory Ecology, Altruism & Cooperation, Arms Races, Fighting & Assessment, Navigation & Migration and Human Behaviour.
Conservation Biology (Option)
This module provides a critical insight into the application of the principles of conservation biology.
It provides an overview of the nature, value and complex threats to biodiversity and will detail the biological problems faced by small populations of animals, in particular. The module will also deal with the practice of population conservation and management, including methods to assess population size, survival rates and how this information might be used to assess the viability of populations.
Current Issues in Life Sciences (Option)
This module gives students the opportunity to learn skills to interpret, scrutinise and critique scientific research, through the critical evaluation of published papers and reports, attendance at external research seminars and scientific discussions with world-leading academics and industry professionals.
This module aims to enable students to increase their depth of understanding of the latest research topics and methodologies from across the Life Sciences.
Evolutionary Ecology (Option)
Why are some animals big and others small? Why do some produce many offspring and others few, some live short lives and some long lives, and why must they grow old and die?
Life history theory posits that key events in an animal's life, such as juvenile development, age of sexual maturity, first reproduction, number of offspring, the level of parental investment, senescence and death, depend on the physical and ecological environment, and are shaped by natural selection. This module focuses on the role of natural selection in the evolution of life histories, examine the diversity of animal life histories from an ontogenetic perspective, and explore how an understanding of animal life history diversity and evolution can impact on practical issues in biology.
Genetics & Bioethics (Option)
The module aims to provide an overview of the applications of clinical genetics and its ethical and social considerations. This module also intends to discuss genetic counselling, prenatal diagnosis of genetic disease and also carrier detection and pre-symptomatic testing.
The module gives students the opportunity to evaluate the population screening, and community genetics for single gene and chromosome disorders and also the ethical and social considerations of the Human Genome Project and treatment of genetic diseases and gene therapy.
Life Sciences Research Project
In this module students have the opportunity to undertake an independent programme of research under supervision from a member of staff.
It provides students with an opportunity to demonstrate original and critical thought, as well as to build practical and project-management skills. A wide range of subject expertise exists within the School, and students are expected to select a project that is relevant to their programme of study. Under the guidance of a supervisor, students may review the literature, identify a hypothesis or hypotheses and design a programme of research to test their hypotheses. They will be expected to manage the project, including obtaining relevant ethical approval and conducting a risk assessment. They will be expected to collect and analyse data, recording their activities in a lab notebook.
Projects can be conducted in the laboratory or field, as appropriate for their field of study, use mathematical modelling or use pre-collected data to test hypotheses via meta-analysis. Students may work individually or in groups addressing similar questions, but must write up individually. The project will be written up in the format of a scientific paper following closely the style of a key journal relevant to their area of study, or as a thesis.
Managing Animal Behaviour
This Module considers the principles underpinning the management of animal behaviour and the practical application of a range of methods available for this purpose. Particular emphasis is given to understanding the impact of different strategies on the underlying motivation of behaviour to be managed, by reference to a range of environmental, chemotherapeutic, training and behaviour modification interventions.
Overseas Field Course (Option)
An overseas field course gives students the opportunity to investigate biological phenomena in the field. See the Features tab for more information on potential costs incurred by these opportunities.
They will be encouraged to view the ecosystem within the wider context of the anthropogenic impacts being imposed on it, and students will be expected to work in groups, guided by staff, to develop and test hypotheses allowing them to understand more about biological processes operating within the study area.
Population Genetics (Option)
This module examines the application of molecular techniques to the ecology, evolution and conservation of populations, species, individuals and natural resources.
It aims to provide the theoretical background for understanding evolutionary and population genetics. Case studies are used to illustrate how the theory and molecular techniques are applied to inform behavioural, ecological and conservation questions, particularly relating to management of rare and threatened species.
When you are on an optional placement in the UK or overseas or studying abroad, you will be required to cover your own transport and accommodation and meals costs. Placements can range from a few weeks to a full year if students choose to undertake an optional sandwich year in industry.
Students are encouraged to obtain placements in industry independently. Tutors may provide support and advice to students who require it during this process.
Student as Producer
Student as Producer is a model of teaching and learning that encourages academics and undergraduate students to collaborate on research activities. It is a programme committed to learning through doing.
The Student as Producer initiative was commended by the QAA in our 2012 review and is one of the teaching and learning features that makes the Lincoln experience unique.
The range of specialist facilities available for the study of animal behaviour and welfare currently includes aquatic and reptile facilities, an insectary and a bioacoustics laboratory.
At Lincoln, we constantly invest in our campus as we aim to provide the best learning environment for our undergraduates. Whatever your area of study, the University strives to ensure students have access to specialist equipment and resources, to develop the skills, which you may need in your future career.
View our campus pages [www.lincoln.ac.uk/home/campuslife/ourcampus/] to learn more about our teaching and learning facilities.
Previous graduates have gone on to work in both practical and research roles that involve the management, welfare, training and conservation of companion, farm and wild animals. Some graduates choose to continue their study at MSc or PhD level.
The University Careers and Employability Team offer qualified advisors who can work with you to provide tailored, individual support and careers advice during your time at the University. As a member of our alumni we also offer one-to-one support in the first year after completing your course, including access to events, vacancy information and website resources; with access to online vacancies and virtual and website resources for the following two years.
This service can include one-to-one coaching, CV advice and interview preparation to help you maximise your future opportunities.
The service works closely with local, national and international employers, acting as a gateway to the business world.
Visit our Careers Service pages for further information. [http://www.lincoln.ac.uk/home/campuslife/studentsupport/careersservice/]
For each course you may find that there are additional costs. These may be with regard to the specific clothing, materials or equipment required, depending on your course. Some courses provide opportunities for you to undertake field work or field trips. Where these are compulsory, the cost for the travel, accommodation and your meals may be covered by the University and so is included in your fee. Where these are optional you will normally be required to pay your own transportation, accommodation and meal costs.
With regards to text books, the University provides students who enrol with a comprehensive reading list and you will find that our extensive library holds either material or virtual versions of the core texts that you are required to read. However, you may prefer to purchase some of these for yourself and you will be responsible for this cost.
|Full-time||£9,000 per level||£14,500 per level|
|Part-time||£75 per credit point|
Please note that not all courses are available as a part-time option.
For further information and for details about funding your study, please see our UK/EU Fees & Funding pages or our International funding and scholarship pages. [www.lincoln.ac.uk/home/studyatlincoln/undergraduatecourses/feesandfunding/] [www.lincoln.ac.uk/home/international/feesandfunding/internationalscholarships/]